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Writing a Persuasive or Argumentative Thesis (in response to a prompt)


The single most important line in an essay is the thesis statement. It s a line found in an introduction, usually the last line thereof,

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Unit 4 writing a persuasive essay

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LA Unit 4: Writing - Adverbs and Persuasive Writing - Ms Forga

Lightning And Thunder Essays and Research Papers. Thunder and lightning speech: Have you ever seen tall, dark puffy clouds forming on a hot humid afternoon? These clouds bring . Essay! thunder and lightning . It’s pretty hard to believe that the common sky can create electricity and roaring thunder . Unit Essay! In my speech i am going to tell you first of what thunder and paper bibliography format lightning are, when they should be expected and where they come from. First off the clouds that bring the unit 4 writing essay thunder and lightning and other foul weather are called cumulonimbus clouds, sometimes nicknamed. Cloud , Cumulonimbus cloud , Cumulus cloud 668 Words | 2 Pages. Marriage Is Made in Heaven, so Are Thunder and Stakeholders Bodies Lightning! Marriages are made in heaven, so are thunder and lightning A man goes to a marriage broker and says, Sir!

I'm looking for a . wife. Can you please help me find someone suitable? Sure! I can help, replies the broker, may I know your requirements? Well! She must be polite and have a good sense of humor. She must have knowledge about most subjects. She needs to sing. She must be able to unit 4 writing a persuasive, treat my parents and relatives well.

I want her to essay, tell me interesting stories when I’m bored and should. Aishwarya Rai , Arranged marriage , Family 734 Words | 3 Pages. Lightning Perhaps the most known and powerful display of electrostatics in nature is unit, a lightning storm. Lightning . storms are inescapable from humankind's attention. They are never invited, never planned and never gone unnoticed. The rage of a lightning strike will wake a person in paper, the middle of the night. They send children rushing into parent's bedrooms, crying for assurance that everything will be safe. Unit 4 Writing! The fury of a lightning strike is capable of interrupting midday conversations and translations activities. Benjamin Franklin , Electric charge , Electric current 1830 Words | 5 Pages. LIGHTNING Lightning is a massive electrostatic discharge caused by unbalanced electric charges in the atmosphere, and resulting . in a strike, from a cloud to itself, a cloud to unit 4 writing, a cloud or a cloud to pink essay, ground, and essay accompanied by common 2013, the loud sound of thunder . A typical cloud to ground lightning strike jumps a 5 km (3 mi) gap through the air.[1] A typical thunderstorm has three or more strikes per minute at its peak.[2] Lightning is usually produced by cumulonimbus clouds based 5–6 km (3-4 mi) above the. Lightning , Precipitation , Severe weather 502 Words | 2 Pages.

What to Do During a Lightning Storm. 1. Understand what constitutes suitable shelter. The key to unit 4 writing, minimizing lightning danger is to get inside a protective structure. Substantial, . frequently inhabited buildings (those grounded with plumbing, electrical systems, and, if possible, lightning rods) are best. Small structures, such as stand alone public restrooms, are generally not good choices, and standing under a tree is bibliography format, a very bad choice. If you can’t find a substantial structure, get in 4 writing, a car with a metal roof and sides: if the car is. Atmospheric electricity , Electricity , Lightning 1049 Words | 3 Pages. Lightning Protection Systems Heath Howe English 101 November 5, 2011 Lightning Protection Systems Did you know that last . year, in the United States, property loss due to lightning strikes exceeded one billion dollars? The average homeowner’s insurance paid $4,296 per app essay, lightning claim and 4 writing essay an average of two hundred fifty thousand insurance claims were filed strictly due to and external, lightning . In January 2003, the a persuasive essay American Meteorologist Society issued a bulletin endorsing the lightning protection requirements.

Electric charge , Electric current , Electricity 1201 Words | 4 Pages. Benjamin Franklin: The Kite Experiment and the Invention of the essay Lightning Rod. the awe and power of lightning during some long ago summer storm. Franklin suspected that lightning was an unit a persuasive, electrical current in . nature, rather than the wrath of God, and and external he wanted to see if he was right. One way to test his idea would be to essay, see if the lightning would pass through metal. He came upon the idea to use a metal key and looked around for a way to essay, get the a persuasive essay key up near the lightning . As you probably already know, he used a simple toy, a kite, to prove that lightning is common app essay help 2013, really a stream of. Benjamin Franklin , Electric charge , Electric current 865 Words | 3 Pages. The Lightning Thief Main article: The Lightning Thief The Lightning Thief is the unit essay first book in the series. It . was released on June 28, 2005.

Percy Jackson is a 12-year-old with ADHD and dyslexia. Percy goes to a middle school called Yancy Academy, which is a school for troubled kids. App Essay Help! During a field trip, Percy is attacked by Alecto, a mythological creature known as a Fury, who was disguised as his pre-algebra teacher Mrs. Dodds. Percy kills Mrs. Dodds with a pen sword that his Latin teacher. Greek mythology , Percy Jackson , Percy Jackson the Olympians 1024 Words | 3 Pages. “Roll of Thunder , Hear My Cry” is one of the best-selling novel which is telling us about racism issues in 4 writing a persuasive, civil rights movement era. Colour Pink Essay! The story . is about a life of an African American girl who experienced discrimination and unit oppression. Beowulf Essay! She lived with her Mama, Big Ma (grandmother) and her brothers (Stacey, Christopher-John, and Little Man).

They lived in unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, Mississippi where most of the colour essay residents are blacks. In this occasion, I would like to show how racism issues are depicted in “Roll of Thunder , Hear. African American , Black people , Colonialism 2277 Words | 11 Pages. ?A Sound of Thunder - Ray Bradbury If you were given the opportunity to travel back in 4 writing a persuasive essay, time would you? Does a small change in the past have a . significant effect in Stakeholders, the future? People often say to be mindful of unit a persuasive essay your actions as there are always consequences that follow. Bradbury uses his short story “A Sound of Thunder ”, to convey a theme that a minuscule disruption of one element could be catastrophic. To enhance this theme the author uses allusions, juxtaposition and symbolism. Allusion is a literary.

Adam and Eve , Fiction , Literature 849 Words | 2 Pages. How does Mildred Taylor explore different friendships in “Roll of Thunder , Hear my Cry”? “Roll of Thunder , Hear my . Cry” is a novel that has many friendships that are either genuine or not. The friendships in this book are surprising as particular friendships are ones that have a mix between white and black communities. Eckerd Application Essay! This novel includes many various characters with different stereotypes and how each person is unique in many ways. This novel is set during the 20th century where the white. Black people , Friendship , Interpersonal relationship 892 Words | 3 Pages.

A Sound of Thunder , Part 1 Ray Bradbury The sign on essay, the wall seemed to quaver under a film of sliding warm water. Eckels felt his eyelids . blink over his stare, and the sign burned in this momentary darkness: TIME SAFARI, INC. SAFARIS TO ANY YEAR IN THE PAST. YOU NAME THE ANIMAL. WE TAKE YOU THERE. YOU SHOOT IT.

Warm phlegm gathered in Stakeholders and external, Eckels' throat; he swallowed and pushed it down. The muscles around his mouth formed a smile as he put his hand slowly out upon the air, and in unit 4 writing, that. 10000000 , G. I. Paper Format! Gurdjieff , Gaura Vani As Kindred Spirits 2052 Words | 7 Pages. ?Roll of Thunder Hear My Cry is a very powerful book, profoundly showing what life was like during the segregation system and how black people . had to tolerate being seen as insignificant beings. A Persuasive Essay! The segregation system took place in the 1900’s and it was where the blacks and whites lived differently to one another. White people thought themselves superior as opposed to translations essay, the black people and lived slightly better lives. Throughout the book, the author thoroughly describes what life was like from a black. African American , Black people , Pardo 1102 Words | 3 Pages.

Tripterygium wilfordii also known as Thunder God Vine is a perennial vine native the China, Japan, . and 4 writing a persuasive Korea. Traditional Chinese medicine has used this herb for the treatment of conditions involving inflammation or over activity of the immune system, excessive menstrual periods, and autoimmune disorders to write essays assignments, include rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and 4 writing essay lupus. Thunder God Vine also may have anti-cancer effects. This kind of beowulf translations essay information is enticing. Acupuncture , Alternative medicine , Ayurveda 900 Words | 3 Pages.

Canada and the reality of the 'white man' living alongside and in close proximity to an Indian reservation. I look forward to reading more of her books! The . cure for death by lightning was handwritten in thick, messy blue ink in my mother’s scrapbook, under the recipe for my father’s favourite oatcakes: Dunk the unit essay dead by lightning in a cold water bath for two hours and if still dead, add vinegar and soak for an hour more. So begins Gail Anderson-Dargatz’s extraordinary first novel, a seductive and. Alice Munro , Life , Lightning 1140 Words | 3 Pages.

Days of Thunder (1990) directed by Tony Scott is a film about an essay, open–wheel race car driver trying to make it in the National Association of . Stock Car Racing (NASCAR). Cole Trickle (Tom Cruise) is picked up (hired) by race team owner Tim Daland (Randy Quaid). Unit Essay! Daland convinces Harry Hogge (Robert Duvall), a retired crew chief, to write essays assignments book, come out of retirement and be crew chief to his race team. Rowdy Burns (Michael Rooker) is Trickle’s racing nemesis; he is a hot headed driver who will do whatever it takes. Auto racing , Days of Thunder , Daytona 500 1124 Words | 3 Pages.

Reflection on unit 4 writing a persuasive, the Lightning Thief. ?The Lightning Thief By: Rick Riordan Journal #1 In the beginning of this story we meet Percy Jackson, a 12 year old . Eckerd Application Essay! “demigod.” Demigods are superhuman mortals born of the unit a persuasive Gods. Paper Bibliography Format! They are half man, half god and wield powers connected to the powers of their Olympian parent. Percy had no clue of what he was or what he was capable of. During a school field trip to the museum, Percy was not feeling well. He was seeing weird things such as water flying in the air and his teacher teleporting. Rick Riordan , The Lightning Thief 1875 Words | 5 Pages. The Cure for Death by Lightning Essay. Gail Anderson-Dargatz’s masterpiece, The Cure for Death by Lightning , recounts the story of unit 4 writing a persuasive Beth Weeks, a fifteen-year-old living on a farm . near a reserve.

Throughout the story, Beth has to endure different kinds of ill-treatment as well as an invisible predator who seems to be following her. Write Essays! Through her struggle, the author reveals that a character, despite being abused, and having to live in a persuasive essay, difficult conditions can evolve into a mature and beowulf essay responsible young woman. Beth’s encounters, as well as. Black-and-white films , Choice , English-language films 860 Words | 3 Pages. Percy Jackson and unit 4 writing a persuasive essay the Lightning Theif. Percy Jackson and The Lightning Thief Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief is an amazing book (in my opinion) that was . created by Rick Riordan. I enjoyed this book a lot because of all the detain that Mr.

Riordan had put into the book and with all of the format facts about Ancient Greek myths, I picked it out in the first place because I had became really interested in finding out about different cultures which included Greece . The main character, Percy Jackson, lives in New York city with his. Percy Jackson , Percy Jackson the Olympians , Percy Jackson and the Olympians 1378 Words | 4 Pages. A Sound of Thunder. Unit 4 Writing! Getting at meaning. Pamela Caraveo. A sound of thunder . * Getting at meaning: 1.- Because he’s excited to hunt and kill a dinosaur, and common help 2013 he seems to have . experience in hunting. He mentions to have killed tigers, wild boars, buffalos, elephants and he may want something bigger to a persuasive essay, kill.

2.- Eckels is in danger of not coming back, he might die in translations essay, the past and the franchise cannot guarantee his return. The Time Machine seems to be a very magnificent machine, more or less like a spaceship, with a lot of buttons and. Change , Future , KILL 1132 Words | 3 Pages. Reflective Essay: Lightning Scheme of W Hotel. Reflective Essay 1: Assessment of the lightning scheme of the W Lounge Bar of the W Hotel in London In this reflective essay I assess . the lightning scheme of the W Lounge Bar of the W Hotel in London. The location got the design award for very good lightning in 2012 and in my opinion you can see and feel the high quality of the 4 writing a persuasive essay lightning scheme. As it can be seen at eckerd the two photographs the W Lounge Bar has two zones – the lounge zone and the bar zone. The first photo shows the lounge. Color , Focal length , Focus 1094 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Lightning Bolt One day Zeus went to go see Posiedon. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive! So they can make a deal so they dont have to fight.

Because a long time ago they . got into write assignments book, a fight about something stupid because Posiedon said he was better than Zeus. So they decided to make a lightning bolt. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! The lightning bolt was big, loud, lighting strikes every time it would flash. And the Stakeholders Bodies strikes were bright. 4 Writing Essay! It was as bright as a light bulb. So that day they got all their materials around. The next day they made the lightning bolt. British films , Debut albums , English-language films 430 Words | 2 Pages. Roll Of Thunder : Hear My Cry Book Report 1. Application Essay! The setting for the short novel, Roll of Thunder Hear My Cry, is in the state of . Mississippi, in the early 1930’s, which means that it is right during the middle of the Great Depression. I believe the setting is very important to the book because in Mississippi during those times there was a lot of racism and unit racial segregation, the African Americans people could not do the same things that Caucasian, white people could do. Also the setting is important.

African American , Black people , Miscegenation 1004 Words | 3 Pages. Nethergrave and A Sound of Thunder, Which Is More Effective? of Thunder ”, Which is Most Effective? By Haven Runyan A good writer knows, at least a little, about how sentences work. A good writer can . carry on a story without boring a reader. A good writer knows when to stop a bad idea, and how to create a great one. A good writer knows how to make their story work effectively in the reader’s mind. I read two short stories recently. Paper! Both were science fictions and both were very well written.

One was about time travel. “The Sound of Thunder ”, by. A Story , Idea , Logic 843 Words | 3 Pages. My Analysis About a Sound of Thunder. My Analysis about A Sound of Thunder --By Lillian ( Class:2, No:2) A Sound of Thunder is a . short story written by Ray Bradbury which belongs to the genre of science fiction. The story set in A.D.2055 when time travel is possible, this is the 4 writing a persuasive story of a travel agency, Time Safari Inc., that arrangeed hunting trips back in time to hunt dinosaurs. It is also a futuristic story about how changing a small thing can result in a huge change somewhere down the timeline. General relativity , H. G. Wells , Science fiction 955 Words | 3 Pages. Lightning is not distributed evenly around the planet, as seen in the image on the right. Beowulf! About 70% of lightning occurs over 4 writing . land in the tropics where atmospheric convection is the greatest. This occurs from colour essay both the mixture of a persuasive warmer and colder air masses, as well as differences in moisture concentrations, and it generally happens at the boundaries between them.

The flow of warm ocean currents past drier land masses, such as the Gulf Stream, partially explains the elevated frequency of lightning. Atom , Electric charge , Electric current 455 Words | 2 Pages. Thunder Rides a Black Horse: Analysis. ? Thunder Rides a Black Horse Introduction to Anthropology 01 This report is based on bibliography, the book . Thunder Rides a Black Horse written by Claire R. Unit A Persuasive! Farrer. Write Essays Book! This book is written in context of an indian group called the Mescalero Apache Indians. Their reservation and 4 writing ceremonial grounds are based in the south-central part of New Mexico.

The author is very familiar with this tribe as she claims to be like family with some of the members. She writes this book based. Apache , Mescalero 1100 Words | 7 Pages. ? Lightning Rods “The electrical fire would, I think, be drawn out of a cloud silently, before it could come near enough to strike…” said . Benjamin Franklin.3 Contrary to popular belief, a lightning rod does not attract lightning . The lightning rod provides a path towards the ground to conduct massive electrical currents when lightning does occur. The pointed metal rod, usually attached to the roof of application essay a building, could be an 4 writing essay, inch in eckerd, diameter and connected to a large piece of copper or an unit 4 writing a persuasive, aluminum. Benjamin Franklin , Electric charge , Electric current 468 Words | 3 Pages. Lightning and Overvoltage Protection. Source: STANDARD HANDBOOK FOR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS SECTION 27 LIGHTNING AND OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION A. P (Sakis) Meliopoulos . Beowulf! . Professor, School of Electrical and unit a persuasive essay Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology CONTENTS 27.1 INTRODUCTION . Essays Assignments! . Unit A Persuasive Essay! . . . Translations Essay! . . . . . . . . 4 Writing! . . . . . . . . . . . Essays Assignments Book! . . Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! . . . . . . .27-1 27.2 BASIC CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . And External Bodies! . A Persuasive Essay! . . Colour! . . . .27-2 27.3 MECHANISMS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF LIGHTNING . . . . . . . . . . Unit 4 Writing Essay! . . . . Application Essay! . . . . . . . . A Persuasive Essay! . . . . . . . . . . Electric charge , Electric current , Electric power transmission 25373 Words | 93 Pages. ? LIGHTNING ARRESTER INTRODUCTION A lightning arrester is a device used on electrical power systems . and common telecommunications systems to unit essay, protect the insulation and conductors of the system from the damaging effects of lightning . The typical lightning arrester has a high-voltage terminal and a ground terminal. When a lightning surge (or switching surge, which is very similar) travels along the power line to the arrester, the current from the surge is diverted through the.

Electric current , Electrical breakdown , Electrical resistance 3568 Words | 11 Pages. Racism in write book, Chapter 5 - Roll of Thunder. Racism in 4 writing, Chapter 5. Common App Essay 2013! As we know, racism is a persuasive, a strong theme in the novel, Roll of Thunder , Hear my Cry, and in chapter 5, the theme of and external Bodies . racism is shown in unit, a huge way. The way Mildred Taylor uses this racism not only portrays the harshness and cruelty of racism, but it is and external, also quite scary and shocking. The use of Cassie and the she says things, allows us to unit 4 writing essay, see how a child is thinking, and write book it gives us a whole different perspective on things.

We are first introduced to racism on unit a persuasive essay, page 116. We. Race 884 Words | 3 Pages. The Storm: My experience as a photographer in write, a lightning storm. and blotched out the essay last of the suns bright orange glow. A powerful lightning storm was approaching and it would show an impressive display of . its might that I would not soon forget. The thunder roared loudly, shaking everything within range of the mountain. Pink Essay! The sound echoed down the mountain and into the valley. My dog stood next to unit 4 writing essay, me whimpering hopelessly and pacing back and forth nervously at the sound of every clash of thunder . Inside, my family also seemed nervous because Birds Eye, a small. Cloud , Lightning , Precipitation 576 Words | 2 Pages. Contrast and compare the ways in which the characters of beowulf David and Hammer Logan deal with the issue of prejudice in #8220;Roll of Thunder , . Hear My Cry#8221; Mildred D. Taylor#8217;s #8220;Roll of Thunder , Hear my Cry#8221; is set during the Great Depression, in the rural areas of unit 4 writing essay Mississippi.

The majority of the people in this community are sharecroppers, who are greatly dependent on plantation farming. The Logan family is pink, fortunate because they have a piece of land of their own, so unlike. Black people , Mildred D. Taylor , Race 1769 Words | 5 Pages. ?Jorge Amaro October 1 2014 Period 1 English 2 honors The sound of thunder by Ray Bradbury(source A) and the butterfly effect by David . Hernandez (source B)beautifully explain how the smallest, most insignificant seeming actions can have huge impacts. Something so seemingly small such as crushing a prehistoric butterfly or the mere flapping of a butterfly's wings can have such a marginal effect on the world you live in. The common theme expressed by 4 writing, both these pieces is bibliography format, even the 4 writing smallest things. Butterfly effect , Causality , Determinism 480 Words | 2 Pages. ?The Lightning Thief: Book And Movie Comparison Essay Percy Jackson written by write assignments, Rick Riordan and a persuasive the movie directed by Chris Columbus. Essay! “Percy . Unit 4 Writing! Jackson “is about a teenage boy who find out his father is a god from Mountain Olympus. Paper Bibliography! The teenage boy was set up, god fin the Mountain believed that the teenage boy stole the lightning . Unit Essay! He had to go on a quest to find where the stolen lighting is and stop the beowulf translations essay war between the gods.

In comparison, one will find out unit 4 writing that The Percy Jackson novel is completely. Character , Fiction , Greek mythology 608 Words | 2 Pages. Karlie Campbell P.2 Critical Analysis: The Lightning Thief Characters From fighting Minotaur’s to battling Hades in . Hell; Percy Jackson is write essays assignments, not the average teenage boy. Percy does not know what he truly is until a series of unfortunate events happen and it forces him to 4 writing essay, realize what he has to do to write book, save the world. He does not face these troubles by himself though, Grover and Annabelle are not only his friends but they are there to help him face the battles along the way. English-language films , The Lightning Thief 436 Words | 2 Pages. Ryan Brandon T-2 9/19/09 The Lightning Thief My book, The Lightning Thief, was written by Rick Riordan. It is a . fantasy/adventure fiction. The publishing company is Miramax books, and the date of a persuasive publication is 2005. The cost of the book is $7.99, and there are 376 pages. The main character’s name is Percy.

He goes to boarding school in format, New York, and has been kicked out of several schools before. One day, he and his class are on unit, a field trip, and during that trip his math teacher. God , Greek mythology , KILL 442 Words | 2 Pages. ?Anahi Miranda English Period 6 The Sound Of Thunder WOW! Ray Bradbury explains how easy it can be to paper bibliography format, the future. In his own . story The Sound Of Thunder using imagery and a persuasive creating suspense using tone and mood.

The book can keep uou in suspense on what will happen next because of Rays imagery and tone the book will keep you interested. Everything about Stakeholders his story catches my attention. He goes into time to travel back into the past to see how it was. Essay! Second, they step into the time. Future , Lon Chaney, Sr. , Paul Frees 385 Words | 2 Pages.

Thematic Elements of Percy Jackson and the Olympians: the Lightning Thief. Thematic Elements of Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief In Rick Riordan’s Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The . Lightning Thief, there are various messages that the essays assignments reader is unit a persuasive, able to observe and learn from. Stakeholders And External! A few of the unit essay messages found in common help 2013, this novel, are the following: everyone needs acceptance from society; everything does not always seem to be what they appear to be; a person’s fate is unpredictable, and as a society people should take care of the environment. These are issues. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Human , Percy Jackson the Olympians 1033 Words | 3 Pages. An Analysis of unit essay Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred D. Taylor. Roll of Thunder , Hear My Cry by essay, Mildred D. Taylor End of Unit Social Studies Project Prejudice is unit essay, one of the main themes in Roll of . Thunder , Hear My Cry.

The novel is set in the American South during the 1930's, but working to overcome prejudice is as important today as it was during the 2013 period of Roll of Thunder , Hear My Cry. People experience discrimination when they are denied their rights as a result of prejudice. Unit 4 Writing! In Roll of Thunder , racial prejudice is the reason for the discrimination. Discrimination , Fiction , Interview 802 Words | 4 Pages. The character of essays book Trace is interesting in the novel Thunder Road by Ted Dawe.

Trace is interesting because he develops a close relationship with . Devon, his low self-esteem and he changes from a follower to a leader during the novel. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive! One interesting feature of Trace is his relationship with Devon. At first, Trace wasn’t sure about Devon saying, “I didn’t know who I was sharing a room with”. As the novel continued Trace started to spend more time with Devon eventually becoming so close that he feels. Bullying , Character , Fiction 558 Words | 2 Pages. In the story “A Sound of write Thunder ,” Ray Bradbury tells the tale of Eckles, a hunter, who went back in 4 writing a persuasive, time to and external, shoot a dinosaur. Set in 4 writing, the year . 2055, the story ends with Eckles returning home after a dictator gets elected changing everything, which causes Travis, the safari guide, to shoot him. Through the character of Eckles, Bradbury takes a close look at Eckles’ attitude and their results. Eckerd Application! Bradbury demonstrates that having a careless attitude toward different circumstances will lead a person to. Ray Bradbury 656 Words | 2 Pages. r.A Sound of Thunder by Ray Bradbury Imagine being able to travel back in time.

Many writers have explored this idea in science fiction . stories and movies. You are about to read one of the most popular_and thought-provoking_stories about time travel ever written. LITERARY FOCUS: STYLE AND MOOD A writer’s diction, or word choice, greatly defines a work’s style. Style is also determined by 4 writing a persuasive essay, sentence length and complexity. A story that is written in brief simple sentences, for example, is different. All rights reserved , Copyright , Ray Bradbury 14863 Words | 66 Pages. Roll of Thunder In Roll of Thunder , there are many successes of the Logan family. We see this in bibliography format, a lot of the characters, . especially Cassie. She tends to be stubborn in her views, as is her Uncle Hammer. Unit Essay! Her parents teacher her how to grow up with dignity and to put her pride aside so that she can endure the racism she will face.

Cassie, despite her stubborn personality, learns that racism is something to fight when the time is right, and to endure when it is necessary. Throughout this. Black people , Education , Learning 584 Words | 2 Pages. Synopsis Thunder Road is a novel about the write essays assignments book life of a 19 year old boy, having no connection to his blood- linked family whatsoever, trying to . find his soul of life in the engaged city of Auckland, New Zealand. Though when love strikes the innocent Trace, his world is torn into two. Is street racing the best option or his one and only true love? There are several themes shown within the novel, such as : The Individual versus Society, Love and unit 4 writing sacrifice, Power of Tradition, though the central topic. Bullying , Implicit self-esteem , Interpersonal relationship 528 Words | 2 Pages. Chronicles of Ice Personal Experience.

will see a clear blue light sky and Stakeholders and external a bright yellow sun, almost as if the night before had never occurred. I couldn’t stop asking myself how did that . Unit 4 Writing! powerful storm was created. Later I understood that when lightning suddenly flashed across the sky and application essay it was followed by the rumbles of thunders , it wasn’t just a normal storm, it was dominated as a thunderstorm. Thunderstorms are formed by the uplifting of warm and humid air. The uplifting of warm may be caused in different situations such as: In the. Cloud , Electric charge , Lightning 829 Words | 3 Pages.

English III - 3 October, 28, 2014 The Lightning Thief by Rick Riordan The book I read was The Lightning Thief by Rick . Riordan, the genre is Greek Mythology Fiction. The Lightning Thief took place in modern day, America. The target audience in The Lightning Thief are students from Middle School or High School. Unit! The purpose of this book is to application essay, inform kids that everyone has a role to play in society. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! Percy was not the write essays best student at the many schools he attended, but he did stop a War of The Gods. Greek mythology , High school , Percy Jackson 377 Words | 2 Pages. A Sound of Thunder and Nethergrave. The stories “A Sound of Thunder and Nethergrave” are wonderful pieces of essay science fiction. Both stories take you on a journey.

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BLACK THUNDER SUMMARY The Work Black Thunder , Arna Bontemps’ defining novel, is a fictionalized account of the early nineteenth . century Gabriel Insurrection, in Virginia. The novel, which chronicles the Gabriel Prosser-led rebellion against the slave owners of Henrico County, was generally lauded by critics as one of the most significant black American works of fiction. Richard Wright praised the work for dealing forthrightly with the historical and revolutionary traditions of African Americans. African American , Black people , Gabriel Prosser 8046 Words | 20 Pages. The Intersting Essay “A Sound of essay The Thunder ” is a short story written by Ray Bradbury. Essay! This is a story that . sets place in the near future where time travel is possible. His story has a lot of adventure, fearful, and mysterious things that could entertain you to read this story. One thing though is that everything changes forever because something in unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, the story that Ray Bradbury puts in is that if you go back on the past or future never change anything even if it’s. Back to the Future , Future , Hunting 486 Words | 2 Pages. inland/hits/strikes/rages thunder rolls/rumbles/sounds (forked/sheet) lightning strikes/hits/flashes a (blinding/snow) . blizzard hits/strikes/blows/rages a tornado touches down/hits/strikes/destroys sth/rips through sth forecast/expect/predict rain/snow/a category-four hurricane pour (down) pour (down) with rain get caught in/seek shelter from/escape the colour pink rain be covered/shrouded in unit essay, mist/a blanket of fog V/C-Page-2 be in for/brave/shelter from a/the storm hear rolling/distant thunder be battered(hit.

Children's literature , Lightning , Reading 1622 Words | 6 Pages. A Sound of Thunder Imagine going back to time in essay, a time machine to hunt one of the biggest creatures of all time, a Tyrannosaurus Rex. You . would think that a person is out of his mind. Ray Bradbury’s plot makes us wonder in our minds which leads us to hints and makes us foreshadow that something bad is going to happen next. The short story A Sound of Thunder by Ray Bradbury uses imagery, and tone to create the unit essay mood of hair-raising, nightmare, and translations essay seriousness. 4 Writing! The imagery in the story supports the. Dinosaur , Ray Bradbury , Reader 475 Words | 2 Pages.

?A Sound of Thunder Paragraph The consequences of time travel cannot be matched in terms of unpredictability because any tiny alterations to . the distant past can change the outcome of the ensuing events of the future. In the futuristic tale, “A Sound of beowulf translations Thunder ,” by Ray Bradbury, the 4 writing a persuasive essay standard way of life in the present time is subtly altered when an ambitious hunter named Eckels travels back in time to hunt a prehistoric animal. When Eckels is translations, confronted by essay, the frightening Tyrannosaurus rex, he. Contemporary history , Future , Human 466 Words | 2 Pages. The Thunder Tree Many people who live in assignments book, urban environments are fascinated about the wilderness through television, but never take a step . outside to 4 writing, interact with the nature surrounding them. People who alienate themselves from nature, are unaware that the essay loss of direct contact is one of the greatest causes of unit 4 writing a persuasive essay ecological crisis. One lesson that Robert Pyle has mentioned in his book The Thunder Tree is that our culture lacks the intimacy with the living world.

If we do not have direct contact with. Black Skimmer , Natural environment , Nature 834 Words | 2 Pages. A sound of thunder In the bibliography short story “A sound of thunder ” a group of hunters goes back in unit 4 writing a persuasive, time to kill the biggest game. It . starts off where a man named Eckels is essays, talking to the man behind the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay desk and has given him the required ten thousand dollars. The man behind the desk then gives him a few words of advice and talks a little about politics then sends him off to the time machine. Once they were all in the time machine with all the guns and write essays assignments book supplies they set off to go back in time to kill a. Common Chimpanzee , Fiction , Future 884 Words | 2 Pages.

ORT, successes and failures. Your essay is due in for two weeks time. Edexcel AS History Unit 1 Ideology, Conflict and Retreat: the USA in Asia 1950-1973 . by Geoff Stewart ------------------------------------------------- Operation Rolling Thunder ------------------------------------------------- Programme of bombing of North Vietnam authorised by Johnson on 13 February 1965 but not begun until 2 March. It was hedged about with restrictions and designed to slowly increase in unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, intensity. Eckerd! . First Indochina War , Geneva Conference , Ho Chi Minh 4218 Words | 12 Pages. Elementary Science: Phases of the Moon Lesson Plan. such as the clouds Students will learn about what happens during a rain storm (Clouds-Rain- Lightning / Thunder -Rainbow) Materials . Needed “Cry-Baby Moon” Book Authors: Katerina Mataira and Terewai Kemp; Illustrator: Hone Ihi-o-te-rangi Ngata This book is about the Moon who is upset because she can not see her reflection in the sea.

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How to Find Resumes on the Internet with Google. Want to learn how to unit 4 writing essay, find resumes on the Internet using Google? You’ve come to the right place! Whether you are new to searching the Internet for resumes or you are a veteran Interent sourcer, I’ve included some tips, tricks, and observations for the novice and expert alike. When using Google to search specifically for resumes, it’s a good idea to begin by searching for bibliography the word “resume” in the title and/or the url of web pages. For example: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) Here is a sample result to 4 writing, illustrate how this works – we can see the colour essay word “Resume” in unit 4 writing, the blue TITLE line, as well as in beowulf translations, the green URL line.

The first line of any search result is the a persuasive title of the webpage, and the url is the specific web page’s address. Targeting the word “resume” in the title and/or url is very handy, because for many people, it’s simply common sense/instinct to either title the paper bibliography format web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” and/or save their resume using the word “resume” in the name of the file. Eliminating False Positive Results. A “false positive” result is unit 4 writing essay, a search result that contains your search terms, but does not match the “essence” of what you are actually trying to eckerd application essay, find. 4 Writing A Persuasive! For example – if you’re searching for resumes, there are many sites that will be returned in your search results that are in fact not resumes, such as sites advertising resume samples and job postings that mention phrases such as, “submit resumes to…” In order to write, remove most non-resume false positive results, you can use Google’s version of the Boolean NOT operator, which is the minus sign, to prevent your search from essay, returning results with words such as sample, job, etc. (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples. Other ideas of terms you can try to and external Bodies, eliminate that may return false positive results:

-eoe -submit -free -”resume service” -template -”resume service” -“resume writers” -“resume writing” Some people who decide to 4 writing essay, make their resume available on the Internet also decide to publish a phone number. Application Essay! To find these folks, you can try and 4 writing essay include local area codes in your search in attempt to find them. Here is an example of a search using area codes to target people who live in Northern VA: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples -“resume service” (703 OR 571)

What you’ll notice, however, is pink essay, that searching for area codes can easily produce false positive results, as can be seen in the screenshot below – which are the first 4 results from the search. Unit Essay! Result #3 and #4 mention the number 571, but it’s not referenced as an essay area code, so they are false positive, non-local results. To clean up the false positive results that mention 571 or 703 but are not of resumes of people who live in VA, you can add the a persuasive essay state and state abbreviation to beowulf translations, the search as well as exclude more non-resume terms and phrases: While there are still a good number of unit a persuasive non-resume false positive results, this can be expected because we didn’t even search for any keywords/skills. Once we do, we will notice a significant drop off in false positives. Another way to search for local resumes is to target a zip code radius. While Google doesn’t support true zip code search functionality, we can leverage the fact that Google supports searching for numbers within a range, otherwise known as “numrange” search.

You can perform a numrange search on any sequential (low to high) set of numbers by typing two periods between the numbers without any spaces. This is especially helpful because we can exploit this search functionality and adapt it to performing a zip code radius search. For example, take your target zip code and use this handy zip code radius lookup application, which you can use to search for zip codes in a radius and paper bibliography format sort the zip codes within the radius from low to high. Using a central zip code of 75201 in Dallas, TX and targeting a 20 mile radius, we can use that zip code radius application to get a range of zip codes from a low zip code of 75001 to a high zip code of unit a persuasive essay 76155. Using Google’s numrange search syntax, here is an example of write essays assignments a search string targeting people within a 20-mile radius of a persuasive 75201 in TX: Sample results: you can see the zip code search worked beautifully: Here are a couple of things to write book, keep in mind when searching for local resumes: Not everyone will publish a phone number on their resume If they do publish a phone number on their resume, it could be a cell phone with a non-local area code if they relocated from another area – this is why is unit 4 writing essay, can be helpful to Stakeholders Bodies, search for zip codes as well as area codes If they don’t publish a phone number at unit essay all, they should at least mention a city and/or state. Targeting Resumes That Are Not Titled As “Resume” Although plenty of people do title their resume or the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” there are some people who don’t. After searching for pink all of the results that DO contain the word “resume” in 4 writing a persuasive essay, the URL or title of the beowulf web page, you need to try to unit 4 writing a persuasive, eliminate them from future search results using Google’s NOT operator, the minus sign, to specifically target the results that don’t mention resume in the title or URL.

For example: Don’t be tempted to try and write that as -(inurl:resume OR intitle:resume), because Google will not read that search string in the manner in which you intend. Instead of eliminating results with the word “resume” in either the URL or the translations title, Google will in unit a persuasive, fact will do the exact opposite. Click here to see the sad reality. Sorry Google. Next, you’ll have to think about words that are commonly found on common app essay help 2013, resumes, such as “objective,” “summary,” “experience,” “employment,” “skills,” “history,” “education,” etc. Then you’ll have to try and reduce false positive results of job postings, resume sample sites and such, and also target local results. Unit A Persuasive Essay! Putting it all together, your search string could look like this: First page results: We can see that the first result is essentially of eckerd application essay a resume, yet the person saved their work history as “biodata.” See? Some people don’t use the word resume. :-)

Looking at the second result, we can see that the unit a persuasive word “resume” is actually highlighted in beowulf translations, the url of the second result – which technically should not happen, as we coupled Google’s NOT/- operator with inurl:resume. Yet more proof that Boolean search does not = Internet search. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive! That’s 2 strikes, Google. The third result is definitely not a resume – it is and external Bodies, a LinkedIn directory by name, within which is at least one positive hit on a persuasive essay, our search terms. While there are no doubt resumes on the Internet that do not mention the word “resume,” anywhere within them, I have found that when you stray from application, targeting the unit 4 writing a persuasive word “resume” in web page titles and URLs, you can quickly find yourself swimming in a sea of beowulf false positive results, which is a huge time drain. I believe the 80/20 Pareto principle solidly applies here: You will get 80% of 4 writing a persuasive essay your viable results from targeted resume searches and the other 20% from searching without targeting the word “resume.” Likewise, you can easily waste 80% of your time trying to sort through the sea of essay false positives in order to dig up the 20% of resumes that do not mention the term. I’ve provided you with a quick overview of how to effectively utilize Google to search for a persuasive essay resumes on the Internet. Be aware though – all is not perfect in when hunting for resumes in Google land – if you have not already, please read these 2 posts: The Internet has Free Resumes – So What?and Boolean search does not = Internet search. For those of you who read this post and asked why I: didn’t talk about searching for colour pink essay CV’s didn’t suggest using the tilde.

operator in conjuntion with the a persuasive word “resume” didn’t use - job when trying to eliminate false positive results didn’t talk about targeting filetypes didn’t talk about just searching for the word “resume” without using it in conjunction with inurl: or intitle: didn’t mention Google CSE’s. Excellent Article! Real insight seen in the description and also hands on expertise. I believe this way you could simply recruit using an internet connection and nothing else. This is very impressive. Also you will be able to get better candidature as opposed to people using job boards.

Thanks Glen! This really was a value addition to my efforts! I have tried the beowulf translations essay search as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume (objective OR summary) (experience OR history) education -job -jobs -sample -samples’ which you have mentioned. But I didn’t get any result from unit essay, linkedin site. If I modify the search keyword as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume -job -jobs’ then I got result from linkedin site but it displays events also along with candidates. I found this article very interesting and appealing as I have been trying to learn ways to do sourcing for resumes on the internet.

I am trying to learn ways to application, form such a string on either google or any other tool/site. I am new to unit 4 writing a persuasive, this and can hardly understand all the requirements.Could you be kind enough to post an app essay article for the same? I have already subscribed on this site. Thanks a lot for 4 writing a persuasive essay your article, i have heard about app essay help, resume search in unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, google but i dont know how to pink essay, do it. After reading your article i have got an idea to do it.. i will try.

please post me the articles related to this search and unit essay job search in colour pink essay, US. i do appriciate your help… Thank you so much. Hey, thanks a lot for all the information you are sharing with. Its real cool. How ever I would like to know more about 4 writing, sourcing the resume. Please help me out. I’m really great full about this article.

I’m currently new in the field of Human Resource. And I’m currently using an book online subscription based resume search. But unfortunately, it’s not enough to unit 4 writing, fullfill my search. I’m currently looking for a faster and accurate resume search. Excellent article, with a ton of great search refining information. I have what seems like a dumb question that I must ask. I am searching Google for Android engineers and have used the following string: android engineer OR Mobile Programmer resume filetype:pdf -guide -events -hire -amazon -job -jobs -manual. I have returned ok results… Here is colour pink essay, my question, how do I eliminate European countries and Canada from my results?

I look forward to your reply. Thanks again. Internet Resume Search 2.0 does all the internet search work for unit 4 writing a persuasive essay you using the major search engines including Google, Yahoo and Bing at: http://www.intelligentsearchagents.com/internet-resume-search.php. Thank you so much for this article. Can you send me few tips with example to my personal gmail id gonanagesh@gmail.com. Great article! Thank you for format sharing this knowledge. It’s going to be very useful for my searches.

I do have one question though, how do I narrow a search for a SEO expert who needs to have worked on one of the essay top Alexa 100 sites? Basically, how do I add criteria to my search? how to type the keywords for translations essay the need requirment……… Designing was passion so got it worked for, have a look on the new trends of Designers. Hi Glen; I tried your string on Google and indeed was very helpful i getting resumes in USA, but i mostly work on European requirements, can you please advise how to unit essay, source if i am looking out for profiles in multiple countries in Europe with Bilingual language option.

Thanks. Very informative, that’s exactly what i am looking for. Specially in finding that quality resume which sometimes tends to be not so inviting after all,. You got a good theme but sometimes fail in editing, that’s sometimes the sickness of a resume. You’re right. And, are you kiddin’me, i’ve been looking that information for weeks. Great Post plus i like the website’s layout. I’m going to bookmark this up for beowulf the reliable information that i think i’m gonna be needing sooner or later. Awesome! I was looking for unit essay Boolean for zipcode and radius and got here exactly what I was looking for plus lot of additional new stuff..Excellent way of putting the concept and explaination..Thanks for the article!

I am looking for guides on recruitment sales techniques such as how to close a candidate or a manager… does anyone can help? Thanks a lot in advance for your help! I learnt a lot from this article…..thanks a lot…… Finding the resume is easy but finding the good resumes with all the colour contents is very difficult!! Need job send your resume to resumes@reclutaconsultant,

For what type of Position and Company? there is an a persuasive essay advanced search in google homepage…u can search for Bodies resumes from there in different formats and techniques…try them till u find the right one. thanks. Thank you so much for writing this article! It is by far the 4 writing a persuasive most useful and easy to understand introduction to Boolean I have found. I have a bit of eckerd essay a tailored question for you, what is unit 4 writing, your success in using Boolean to find data scientists? I’ve been having a hard time finding them and was wondering if I was doing something wrong or if they just don’t tend to write book, post their resumes online. I would greatly appreciate any insights you have to unit 4 writing a persuasive, offer! (I didn’t see an article about this in application, your blog but sorry in unit a persuasive, advance if it is in there and I missed it.)

can u please mention the strings to search resumese with complete details. oh i need to fix my problem in paper bibliography format, various ways, how could help me in this situation … Cathey is a sourcing and recruiting thought leader with over 16 years. of experience working in large staffing agency and global RPO. environments (1,000 recruiters and nearly 100,000 hires annually). Starting out his career as a top producing recruiter, he quickly. advanced into senior management roles and now currently serves as the. SVP of Strategic Talent Acquisition and Innovation for essay Kforce, working. out of their renowned National Recruiting Center with over 300.

recruiters. Often requested to write assignments, speak on sourcing and recruiting best. practices, trends and strategies, Glen has traveled internationally to. present at many talent acquisition conferences (5X LinkedIn Talent. Connect – U.S. Unit! ’10, ’11, ’12, Toronto ’12, London ’12, 2X Australasian. Talent Conference – Sydney Melbourne ’11, ’12, 6X SourceCon, 2X.

TruLondon, 2X HCI) and is regularly requested to present to pink, companies. (e.g., PwC, Deloitte, Intel, Booz Allen Hamilton, Citigroup, etc.). This. blog is his personal passion and does not represent the views or. opinions of anyone other than himself. Unit 4 Writing Essay! – See more at: Good afternoon, this seems very interesting. Common App Essay Help 2013! I am a recruiter and trying to search for a position within a certain area – how do I do this? Maria Gomez.

pls tell about a article on unit essay, web designer that work on the web designer company and translations essay also know the method of unit essay create websites.

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10 Online Gold Mines for 4 writing a persuasive essay Finding Paid Freelance Writing Jobs. Pink Essay. If you’re a freelance writer, the task of finding quality, well-paying gigs can be a daunting one. Where do you even start? How you can guarantee the jobs you’re looking at are legit instead of scams? Let’s get the bad news out a persuasive essay, of the way first: the beowulf translations Internet is chock full of people who are willing to unit essay, pay pennies on the dollar for hours of your highly skilled time. (Keep reading for some words of warning about these people.) The good news is that we’re here to format, help you weed out the dreck and find the sites that are actually worth your time and effort. ( Click to unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, tweet this list. ) Whether you’re a copywriter, editor, creative writer or anything in between, these sites offer the assignments well-paying, reputable freelance writing jobs you really want. Better yet? While some sites charge a monthly fee to access their job listings, all of the resources below are free. So where can you find freelance gigs? Also listing a healthy dose of 4 writing a persuasive essay copywriting jobs (you can search postings by Bodies, category), this board is, as the name suggests, right up a blogger’s alley.

Whether you’re into health and fitness, pets, writing code or whatever else, you’ll find a steady stream of employers looking for blog writers versed in these and unit 4 writing a persuasive essay many other subjects. While most of the Stakeholders and external postings are (you guessed it again!) for those whose focus is journalism, you don’t necessarily have to have Lois Lane dreams to find a gig here. There are also editing positions, ad copywriting and other jobs thrown into the mix. Some are location-based, some can be done remotely. Unit 4 Writing. Check out the freelance section of the site for a wide range of jobs from industries like TV, PR/marketing, magazine and book publishing and social media #8212; a little something for everyone. One of the application top job boards for telecommuting, FlexJobs enables you to create a custom job search profile to meet your specific needs. Select your categories (there are several under “Writing”), your preferred work schedule, your experience level and more to hone your search results down to those that best fit what you’re looking for. You can also set alerts so you’re notified when new jobs matching your search criteria are posted. This weekly e-newsletter provides a nice compendium of freelance writing and unit a persuasive editing jobs of all shapes and sizes from around the application essay Web with competitive pay rates. Save yourself the time of scouring numerous sites and let this newsletter bring the decent jobs right to your inbox.

Created by 4 writing, Darren Rowse of ProBlogger, an authority site on blogging, you know jobs listed here will be from serious employers who have an idea what good writing is pink, really worth. Plus, given ProBlogger’s high profile in the blogosphere, you can often find jobs posted by some big-time blogs here. Essay. With exclusive job opportunities as well as posts pulled from sites like Indeed and Craigslist, this board consolidates a variety of gigs for everyone from newbie to seasoned freelancers. If you don’t want to see jobs from a certain source (Craigslist, for eckerd essay instance, can sometimes be sketchy), you’re free to unit, narrow your displayed results to exclude them. Essay. 8. Be a Freelance Blogger Job Board. Freelance blogger Sophie Lizard’s community forum features this board where writers and unit 4 writing clients can share scoops on job opportunities. Each opportunity must pay at beowulf translations, least $50 post or 10 cents a word. Unit. 9. The Ultimate List of bibliography format Better-Paid Blogging Gigs. Lizard has also compiled a free ebook listing 45 blogs that pay $50 or more per 4 writing post, broken down into sections like Writing Blogs, Food Blogs, etc. She also includes some good tips on how to approach these blogs, how to promote yourself once you’ve landed a post, and more. Application Essay. If you’ve already got a LinkedIn profile (and you really should), don’t let it just sit there.

Networking goes a long way in the freelance world, and LinkedIn is a great resource to essay, do some networking through common connections. While you’re doing that networking, check out the help Jobs section and sign up for email alerts when jobs are posted that match your interests. Unit A Persuasive. Many will be location-based, but who’s to pink essay, say you can’t approach these employers with a proposal for freelance writing services? Maybe they need someone to fill the gap in the hiring interim, or maybe the job could just as easily be done remotely but they hadn’t considered that. Pro tip: You know that “people who’ve recently viewed your profile” notification you see when you sign into LinkedIn? If you don’t recognize some of the names, why not reach out to unit a persuasive essay, them and say “I see you’ve looked at my profile. I’d love to colour essay, explore if there are any ways we can help each other.” Can’t hurt to try, right? Especially if you’re just starting out, it’s tempting to be lured into content mills like Demand Studios or free-for-alls like Guru , oDesk and Elance , where it looks like you might stand a better chance to land something even if you don’t have the biggest portfolio yet. While it may seem like these sites are your best best when you’re a newcomer, they’re largely a crapshoot when it comes to winning a project.

These sites are a rush for 4 writing the lowest bid, and paper bibliography you’re competing against hundreds if not thousands of other desperate freelancers prepared to sell their firstborn for the chance to write someone’s 250-page ebook. (Some writers have been able to essay, make a decent buck on sites like Upwork , but they are often the Bodies exception rather than the rule and have usually invested huge amounts of unit 4 writing a persuasive time to make it happen.) Even if you’re brand-spanking new to paper format, the game , no one deserves a gig that pays one cent per word. And chances are if someone is looking for the sort of writer willing to 4 writing a persuasive, write a word a cent, they’re not going to be the best client to work for. Don’t sell yourself short just because you’re new. Have a little patience, keep persevering, and you will find those clients who truly value you. Colour. Looking to get even more serious about 4 writing, your freelance writing. Colour Pink Essay. The Write Life published two e-books to help you find more paid writing gigs. Check out our shop to buy 71 Ways to Make Money as a Freelance Writer and Get Better Clients and Earn More Money. Essay. This post originally ran in beowulf September 2013. We updated it in February 2017.

Kelly Gurnett is a freelance blogger, writer and editor; you can follow her on 4 writing essay Twitter @CordeliaCallsIt. Looking for freelance writing jobs? Check out paper bibliography format, The Write Life#8217;s Job Board. Good luck! Kelly Gurnett runs the blog Cordelia Calls It Quits and is growing her own freelance writing, editing and blogging empire day by day. You can follow her on Twitter and 4 writing a persuasive essay Facebook and hire her services here. Learn how to find freelance writing jobs that pay and earn the kind of money you deserve. Move from irregular client work and crappy pay to application essay, being a freelance leader in your field. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive. Paul Jarvis, who#8217;s been freelancing for 16+ years, shares his advice on pricing, positioning and more.

Great list Kelly! For those who are a bit more familiar with AP and Chicago Style for writing for magazine styled publications, allfreelancewriting.com also has a great (and free!) writers market listing. Beowulf Translations Essay. I think writers, especially new ones, need to value their skills and pitch to clients who are willing to pay decent rates, instead of trying to get work from the penny pinching cheap clients! Great suggestion, Daryl. Thanks!

You are SO write about valuing your work. I#8217;m actually writing a post on that to 4 writing essay, appear here soon, so keep your eyes pealed. Undervaluing our work (especially when we#8217;re just starting out) is a huge problem for freelance writers. Hi Kelly! i#8217;m one of the many confident in my writing skills and I#8217;m passionate about write assignments book, it. I am now hoping to start my first freelance writing job at uvocorp (my essay sample is still under evaluation). Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive. May I hear a word or two from Stakeholders, you as your usual advice to beginners like me?

About applying to UVOCORP, I must say, stay away from that company. I#8217;ve been working as a Freelance writer ever since online outsourcing came to being. I encountered that company once when I am looking for other academic writing companies. But the experience is just horrible. They will have you started on a couple of assignments, and approve them right on the spot, but don#8217;t get too excited.

Once they see that you already has a few dollars on your earnings, the support sharks will flood you with multiple revisions with corresponding monetary penalties. The first and second revisions are ok, but after running your work on plagiarism checker hundreds of times and 4 writing a persuasive essay proof-reading for colour essay grammar mistakes thousands of time. They will still ask you to revise something and dissolve your earnings through penalties one after another. Unit A Persuasive. explaining things will not do you justice either, they wouldn#8217;t even care what you say, they will just send your work for revision and ask for ridiculous changes that were not part of the original instructions. They will not stop until you say you give up, in beowulf the end you lost all your earnings from unreasonable revisions and even end up owing them money for 4 writing a persuasive negative balance on pink your earnings. its just horrible.. so stay away from that company, its an institutionalized hoodlum. HAHA. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay. That is sad. I feel sorry for you. At least you have a sense of humor. So, are you an academic writer? I have been looking for chemistry or biochem based writing work and beowulf translations have had trouble finding appropriate places to look. 4 Writing Essay. Do you have any suggestions?

Thanks! Heidi, you could find chemistry specialist writers at pink essay, Writerslabs. Hey Heidi, You can try Text-Writers for your academic writing needs. Unit 4 Writing. I worked as a freelance academic writer for about 5 years and Uvocorp was one of the 7-8 sites I worked with. I totally agree with Norbert. Paper. Everything looked fine for about 8-10 assignments before I started receiving revision requests. I had them review their comments and remove fines for the first two revision requests. However, I just gave up when I got the next seemingly senseless plagiarism remark. I was not sure if it was unintentional from unit 4 writing a persuasive, their part, but I felt annoyed and disappointed by help, then. Oh!

That sounds horrible and there are so many #8220;promising#8221; sites that should be trashed. I started out writing for a website, not quite as bad as that one, but making just a few dollars for rather long articles and no byline. Unit A Persuasive Essay. The amount of time I spent researching and writing meant that I#8217;d make a dollar or two an hour. Ha! I was young and desperate though would never do it again ! I#8217;m the managing editor for write essays assignments ArchiExpo e-Magazine now and spend part of my time researching freelance journalists. A Persuasive Essay. The website needs to be catchy and informative, with writing samples easy to access. I always advise my friends, who wish to get into freelance writing, to app essay, create a great website and put forward their experience. I#8217;ve come across a myriad of flim-flam, so called #8216;freelance writing job sites#8217;#8230;and I appreciate the info on uvocorp. Unit A Persuasive Essay. So where are the legit sites?

Are there any? I began as a freelancer just this summer and found a lot of low-pay cruddy stuff. I wrote a blog on my experiences and it offers tips, tools and help. My fist post may be helpful to you as a beginner: http://www.amandapelletier.com/paid-freelance-writing-jobs-online/ BEST of LUCK! Don#8217;t give up! I#8217;m looking for a article writing job. Just couldn#8217;t get hold of 2013 any. I#8217;m new at this and thought it would be a good idea to investigate and maybe find jobs,. I am a writer and have a manuscript I am trying to essay, get published. My manuscript has been accepted by two companies, but It cost a lot of money to do that, so I thought I would try to make money this way. Should I go further with this, and translations essay if so, can you help me along and teach me the unit essay ropes?

Do you mean you are so RIGHT? I certainly wouldn#8217;t pay more than a cent per eckerd essay paragraph for that level of a persuasive skill. I am glad this topic is ongoing and agree with Catherine#8217;s assessment. Outsourcing and exporting work over-seas occurred in my former profession by application essay, the Medical Transcription Services, and essay it seems a fact of life in my 2-month stint as a content article writer. I work for a #8220;content mill#8221; at the moment which is entry level to me but work is often sporadic and glad to have a patient working spouse at the moment! The content mill has an eckerd application author forum which is unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, helpful for application essay learning the ropes and venting! I did apply to The Writers Hub, and essay was surprised when they asked what my per page rate would be? I stated similarly to what I charged when doing transcription, but gave a 10% discount in comparison. And External. I am hoping to network locally with a non-proffit in the coming weeks and eventually find a content article opportunity that pays decently, desires my talents, and provides a reasonable degree of work or referrals.

Perhaps that is what the majority of us want here. I am very grateful for this site, thread, and posts! Are commenters here that dense that they can#8217;t tell a pun from an unit error? She is responding to a post about writing, she is mentioning that she#8217;s will soon be #8220;writing#8221; a post, and ends by showing some concern for #8220;writers.#8221; Her saying, #8220;you are so write#8221; and then going on to mention writing multiple times is common, clearly a pun. How so many missed that only to find a chance to criticize is troubling. I thought it was just auto-correct showing its butt again. Even the best of us can be made to unit 4 writing essay, look silly if our words are spelled wrong, especially if we#8217;re using a mobile device. It should be that simple#8230;and 30-40+ years ago it was. We#8217;d see #8220;right#8221; spelled as #8220;write#8221; and #8220;peeled#8221; spelled as #8220;pealed#8221; and know instantly what was intended. Unfortunately, it#8217;s been my experience that errors in every type of writing#8230;ads, serious magazine and book writing, the news that crawls across the TV screen, etc#8230;.are so common that it#8217;s as though everyone thinks they#8217;re being paid to make errors. Essay. Why is this so?

An inadequate and/or failing K-12 public education system since about 4 writing a persuasive, 1966 results in seriously adverse consequences. We can#8217;t poorly or inadequate educate millions of children without ending up with millions of HS graduates with gaps in their knowledge and cognitive development. One of those consequences is an inability to write well and correctly, along with either a failure to care or the Stakeholders Bodies inaccurate belief in their own ability thanks to reforms after 1966 that had teachers giving students awards and praise just for breathing and 4 writing essay failing to correct their work for write assignments fear of hurting the student#8217;s self-esteem. What baffles me is how adult educators failed to understand that self-esteem is a product of unit self-respect, which can only come from a #8220;doing#8221; #8212; doing things well, doing things right, doing what one respects. I have, as of yesterday, begun exploring the opportunity of writing for income. However, as writers go, I#8217;m extremely confident in my abilities and Stakeholders and external Bodies I believe that as a writer I still not only a persuasive write on format an intellectual level on par with the best, I also FEEL my writing. Therefore, with no qualifications save my own, self-perceived ones, I say this: do not lose the spirit of 4 writing essay writing looking too intensely at the writing itself. Yeah, only true writers got that pun! I#8217;m not so sure about essay, that being an 4 writing a persuasive attempt at humor, especially when the phrase; #8220;keep your eyes pealed#8221; has been incorrectly spelt..

Shouldn#8217;t that be peeled? Hmmm? In response to Roy: Maybe it#8217;s peeled, but what if he or she is actually writing to someone with very noisy eyes? I thought it was a fun twist#8230; I don#8217;t understand why people feel the application need to attack#8230; I actually want to reply to unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, David Russell but can#8217;t seem to. David, you should write to the editor of MedicalExpo e-Magazine and bibliography propose your journalism services. Take a look at unit 4 writing a persuasive, the magazine first (emag.medicalexpo.com) to essays assignments, see what they#8217;ve recently published, get an unit 4 writing a persuasive essay idea for the kind of write assignments book info, and pitch a potential story. Unit 4 Writing Essay. I know the editor and they pay well.

I#8217;m also the managing editor of ArchiExpo e-Magazine, as mentioned in another comment, and if you#8217;re interested in trying your hand in translations architecture and design-focused writing, get in touch! My girl came across this site, after I told her about unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, losing a comment posting gig. Essays Assignments Book. I appreciate the 4 writing a persuasive essay time you took putting this together. I#8217;ve been a part of the oDesk site for about 2 and a half years now, and I know all too well the struggle it is to get good paying work. oDesk is essays, cool, but the foolishness that involves taking tests just so that you seem a little more proficient than the a persuasive essay next person has always bugged me. Write Assignments Book. I#8217;ve been using oDesk as a starting point, and then convince my clients to move away so that we work together privately. Unit 4 Writing. My international clients hate all the extra fees. Beowulf Translations Essay. I#8217;m really looking forward to trying the a persuasive essay sites you mentioned, and once again Thanks for your time. You might want to consider keeping your eyes peeled for and external Bodies spelling errors if you want writing jobs#8230; Edna, you might want to 4 writing a persuasive, consider the correct use of an ellipsis before criticising others. Wrong. Revisit the colour essay definition.

Yes, spelt is just wrong on so many levels. 4 Writing. Actually, #8220;spelt#8221; is perfectly acceptable in Bodies England. #8220;Spelt#8221; isn#8217;t that a grain? On the western side of the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay pond, we would look at essay, some cross-eyed if they used that term seriously. Essay. Spelt is definitely the way it is paper bibliography, spelled and unit a persuasive essay pronounced in Britain. My daughter reads and 2013 watches many British books, shows, and unit 4 writing a persuasive movies, and she spells and pronounces it that way because she has become so accustomed to it. She had one English teacher criticize her until she showed said teacher that it is the British way to common app essay help 2013, spell it. She also says (and spells) #8220;learnt#8221; instead of #8220;learned.#8221; Being an Anglophile myself, I have no problem with it. 4 Writing. It is not incorrect.

Americans changed English. If anything, we#8217;re the bibliography ones who mispronounce words! It#8217;s funny because I find myself editing books that I am reading, ALL of the time. I wonder how these people got their jobs as editors, when I, the measly reader, can pick them out so quickly, without even trying and it drives me CRAZY to feel like I have to proofread books that I am paying over $20 a book for! I have so many stories and unit 4 writing essay poetry and even a couple of write essays novels that I have written or started writing and I always joke that when I die, someone will find my writing and only then, will I get famous for my writing. I, as the writer, would never turn something in, to have it read by 4 writing, anyone, without proofreading it myself either. I also want to remind everyone that often times, when we are just writing a comment, we may often accidentally hit the wrong key and colour submit our comments, without proofreading what we have written#8230; it doesn#8217;t necessarily make anyone unintelligent#8230; thank you for a lot of good info on here. where can i get such paying jobs for writing books reviews and editing them? One of the posts reads: #8220;You are SO write about valuing your work. I’m actually writing a post on that to appear here soon, so keep your eyes pealed. Undervaluing our work (especially when we’re just starting out) is a huge problem for freelance writers.#8221; Hopefully the unit 4 writing a persuasive author has already been advised of the, shall we say #8220;typos,#8221; and not #8220;senior moments#8221;? I am referring to #8220;write#8221; and #8220;pealed.#8221; Maybe Rule Number One for a writer would be to proofread first?

I actually DID write a PULSE piece on LinkedIn, about colour pink, how I dropped the unit a persuasive essay idea of Outsource ( http://www.linkedin.com/pulse/article/outsource-how-much-fun-working-cheap-dark-glenn/edit ) with exactly that idea. The race to the bottom with pay to plays and such, simply isn#8217;t worth doing. It might be that *somebody* is making $$ on beowulf translations essay those sites, but example of person wanting *150 original* descriptions for some sort of fragrant oils on a budget of unit 4 writing essay less than $500 is more often where those places go. If someone is speaking or writing accurately about a subject, they are #8220;right.#8221; The information on your site is helpful. Any sites you can recommend off the write top of your head for someone starting out as a freelance academic essay writer? Should pay well too. Unit A Persuasive. Thanks in advance and keep up. Question: What are fair prices for our work? Question: Has it been difficult to support yourself as a freelance writer?

Hi, not trying to being rude or anything, but if you#8217;re planning a career in writing, you might want to and external, check your spelling and/or grammar before putting it out essay, there. Just saying#8230;again, it trying to be rude or mean. I wish the best of luck to you! I too, am trying to get some writing gigs, and just starting out. I have no idea where to even begin. With that said, I think constructive criticism is a good thing, that if we take need to, can help us out in the long run. If anyone has any constructive criticism or constructive advice for me, please comment. Thank you! Thank you for common help 2013 the infomation. 4 Writing A Persuasive. Its great to find a place that is really out to help not hurt.

Hi Donna and others, The online writing lab at Purdue University has resources on the Chicago Manual of Style and the APA manual, as well as many articles related to English grammar usage that are user-friendly! Just type owl purdue university in your fave search engine and bibliography it should appear as a result. -I just got approved to start writing content for Text Broker but understand the competition for getting jobs is stiff. I got a fairly good rating but not tops. Glad to have joined this particular thread and essay sooo thankful for the supportive content on here. I am hoping to network locally with a non-proffit in the coming weeks and eventually find a content article opportunity that pays decently, desires my talents, and essay provides a reasonable degree of work or referrals.

Perhaps that is what the 4 writing a persuasive essay majority of us want here. I am very grateful for this site, thread, and posts! I#8217;m looking for essay someone who is going to pay me to publish a 1,000 word new prospective book. And hopefully a movie. It is 4 writing a persuasive essay, called Zombie Revelations and has the old with a real touch of reality. 1000 words is write book, a short story.

There are competitions you could enter it in, and you might find an 4 writing essay anthology that#8217;s looking for stories. Try http://www.ralan.com. Where can I find job writing for essays assignments 200 words only? Thanks for the insight! Great collection of resources, Kelly! Thanks, Susan.

I hope they help you! #128578; Did you ever use any of these sites? Success rate? Love this post #8212; So many great ideas here! Thanks, Lexi. I hope it can save some writers from going through the a persuasive essay penny-a-word phase too many of us went through at one point! P.S. Book. LOVE the image you guys chose for this post. Too freakin#8217; cute.

Kelly, I 100% agree with you about essay, staying away from content mills. I would add staying away from Yahoo! voices too for translations the low pay along with some of the shady posts on Craigslist (although I do sometimes find gigs worth going for). I#8217;ve also had some luck with Ebyline, and a string of luck lately approaching businesses directly about unit 4 writing, blogging for them resulting in write essays book multiple and ongoing work for at least $50 per post. I#8217;ve never heard about Ebyline but will have to check them out. You#8217;re right; the majority of 4 writing essay what you#8217;ll find on Craigslist is dreck, so those job posts should always be evaluated cautiously. Good for you for approaching businesses directly! That#8217;s a great approach but one many freelancers are afraid to take. I#8217;m glad it#8217;s been working so well for you! What is your approach in going to application essay, businesses directly? For example#8230;? I use totaljobs and arivatoday.com to find writing gigs from companies and popular websites.

Thanks so much Kelly for unit 4 writing a persuasive taking the time to research and put together this list. It will get some good use here! It#8217; so discouraging to help, #8216;beat the pavement#8217; only to find gigs offering $10 for unit 4 writing a persuasive essay a 500 word article. Sheesh! People don#8217;t get that we writers like to write essays, eat too! :o) I so hear you. Never accept those $10/500 word articles, no matter how hungry you are. A Persuasive. OK, if you#8217;re really, REALLY hungry and need to make ends meet that month, and that#8217;s all you#8217;ve got currently, I#8217;ll allow it. But otherwise? Your skills and time are worth far more, and Stakeholders and external Bodies there ARE clients out there who will recognize and honor that. Hold out for the good ones. (See: my upcoming article on how we writers need to learn to value (and insist on the value of) our own talents higher than we often do.) #128578; I am so glad to run across fellow writers who value what they do and will stand up and say so.

Far too often we get treated like the 4 writing essay #8220;red headed step children#8221; of the creative industries and many of eckerd us allow it. I tried ODesk and was not only a persuasive essay appalled by the pay rates, but by the attitude of many clients. One of them even said outright that we should be grateful to make five dollars an article (for well researched, 1,000 word pieces) and eckerd application how their last writer was far too #8220;uppity#8221; for his tastes. A Persuasive Essay. Well now, I posted a response that I cannot quote in polite company. LOL. So, thank you, your voice is much appreciated. oDesk has put me under supervision based on negative feedback from clients even though my rating is 4.77. One client said that he already had 700 words. When I looked at what he wrote, it was on 2013 a sixth-grade level. No research, statistics, compelling copy, SEO keywords, etc. So I had to start from scratch. Unit Essay. I ended up acting like a tutor.

Another client loved my work but kept disappearing. I asked for her website address, information about her company, etc. Beowulf Translations. She let another week go by then disappeared again. Unit. I could go on and on. I think that clients who use the content mills do believe that they can get stellar writing for peanuts. I believe these incidents are blessings in disguise. Beowulf. I#8217;ve had my wake-up call. I follow top-notch bloggers and copywriters and hone my skills continually. Unit A Persuasive. It is eckerd, up to the freelancer to 4 writing, determine his standards and ultimately his worth. Stakeholders. Hello Denita and others, I am thankful for unit 4 writing this site, thread and continued posts including yours. At present I am an IC with Textbroker International, and try to look at most the jobs as blessings in disguise.

Generally, I am a better conversationalist since starting this in late September, agree with you about developing writing skills, and have kind of found my subject niche as it were. The big picture tells me I have it pretty good, given local opportunities and employment services for those of us who have a handicapability are inadequate in beowulf my place of residence. In a former profession I was under #8220;supervision#8221; before leaving and it was somewhat demeaning more than helpful. Essay. I hope your experience is Bodies, dynamically different, but you sound quite capable and willing to 4 writing, improve where need be which says a lot favorably concerning what you bring to the proverbial table. All the best to you Denita, enjoyed the chance to talk shop! #8216;Never accept those $10/500 word articles, no matter how hungry you are#8217; hahahahaha. Avoid sites like Researchwritingcenter.com, they pay 6 $ for common app essay 2013 550 words paper and penalize you until you remain with 4 $ and gradually close your account. Dusman am a victim of reserachwritingcenter#8217;s indecency. This company is a fraud, they penalize your papers beyond 100%. #8221; PLEASE PROOF READ YOUR WORK#8221; They keep saying and they are the 4 writing a persuasive lowest payers on the planet.

I love this list it is paper bibliography, helpful in not hitting dead ends when looking for work. Essay. Hi Kelly (and others), This is my second day becoming nose deep in bibliography freelance writing, and I don#8217;t feel like I#8217;ve reached the point of knowing everything before submerging within. Unit. Can you please lead me to the right direction? Where do I begin? What do I need to start with? I have read the article, but it doesnt give me the nitty-gritty of, Brooke do this.

What kind of articles should I be interested in? Copyright, Blogger, etc. *Goal* Would be traveling and writing about new and write exhilerating places. (I know it sounds much more glorious then it is, but that#8217;s why it is essay, a goal, right?) I think the better question is, what kind of writing do YOU want to pink, do? What topics interest you? What style are you most comfortable writing in? Freelance writing is a huge industry, and you could be everything from a lifestyle blogger to a marketing copy writer. You need to determine what niche fits your skills and interests best; that will make it much easier for you to locate specific, nitty-gritty advice. I am based out of India. I would like to write short stories. 4 Writing. Could anyone guide me as how I should go about it. Please recommend sites where I should register myself.

I have registered myself in paper format Freelancer. Your post is unit a persuasive, a few weeks old , but if you#8217;re still looking for nitty-gritty, where do I start#8230; a friend, Rebecca Flansburg and I have put together some resources that deal with those basics. You can find them here: Might be something helpful for eckerd essay you. 4 Writing Essay. Link goes to an unused site. This article was quite helpful and beowulf essay the comments were too. I am. just about to finish my English MA and I am broke as joke, living. at my parents, and finding writing work online is unit 4 writing a persuasive, my priority for. the time being. This shall be quite the adventure I am beginning. to see so I#8217;m trying to find a nice community online to help me. on and external my way.

Best of luck to unit, everyone trying to beowulf translations essay, survive out there! You can do it! You#8217;ve found a great resource here, so make yourself at home on the site! This is my second day becoming nose deep in freelance writing, and I don’t feel like I’ve reached the point of knowing everything before submerging within#8230; Thank you for this post. I just recently got into freelance writing and I feel so stupid already. I found a blog that suggested odesk so I signed up with them and since I didn#8217;t have a portfolio yet I applied for a job paying $20 for 10 articles due in one week. I#8217;m halfway done but after reading this I don#8217;t even want to complete the rest. I feel so cheated.

I thought it would be a good way to 4 writing, get some experience under my belt but I have put so much time and 2013 energy in the articles I have done so far and it doesn#8217;t even seem worth it. Should I even complete the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay job? Ugh. I#8217;m so sorry to hear that. You#8217;re not the only freelancer to have gotten lured into one of those sites. My rule of thumb, even as a newbie, was never to accept less than $10 for Stakeholders every 100 words, unless it was a fantastic gig that would get me good exposure. Even if you don#8217;t have a portfolio, you should only take on unit essay projects you#8217;ll be proud to show to other people when they ask what you#8217;ve done. It sounds like you are creating good work right now, but unfortunately, it#8217;s for a client who totally doesn#8217;t deserve it. It#8217;s a judgment call on whether to Stakeholders Bodies, complete the project or not. There#8217;s something to be said for keeping your word, but at the same time? This is clearly a client who doesn#8217;t value a writer#8217;s worth, so in my book, you don#8217;t owe him much.

He#8217;s paying for work that#8217;s worth $2 an article. In my book, $2 buys you a paragraph, maybe. Personally, I#8217;d cut and run. If he winds up writing a bad review of you on odesk, it#8217;s not a huge loss #8212; you#8217;re better off getting the heck out of odesk anyway. Essay. Love your words of encouragement to stay true to writing and paper format get properly paid for your talent. I love writing and have been caught up in content mills since I decided to write online about a month ago. I must admit the pennies I have received for my time, talent and dedication has been great to unit 4 writing essay, encourage me to seek something better. Are there any books or articles you recommend for beginners looking to earn a living writing online? Glad to hear you#8217;re getting out! Content mills are the worst trap #8212; there#8217;s no chance of advancement, no value of what you#8217;re really worth, and translations essay the #8220;portfolio#8221; you wind up building through cheap jobs isn#8217;t usually the kind of portfolio that will help your career.

The Write Life has actually put together a great list of unit 4 writing resources to check out. You can find it here: http://thewritelife.com/resources/ Hey, kelly. This article was an actual eye opener.I#8217;m from Stakeholders and external Bodies, India and being a novice writer, I didn#8217;t have any expectations which made me vulnerable to such clients. I#8217;ve worked for clients who have been paying rather poorly but require an #8216;outstanding#8217; quality of work from us. I#8217;m amused and at the same time rather disappointed when I realize that I had been working for 0.16 cents per a persuasive word !! Once again a big thank you for now I know what to application, expect and whom to deny. Take Care. You#8217;re very welcome. You#8217;re not the first to unit 4 writing essay, be lured into low-paying jobs. I#8217;m glad we#8217;ve helped you realize you deserve much, much more! Thank you for the tips. Eckerd Essay. I am handicapped and a fairly new mom at 41 to our 9 month old first and only son.

I have been wanting to start a blog so I can have more time for unit a persuasive essay my son since I have heard that with patience you could earn okay from blogging but, I for now, I can#8217;t let go of 2013 my day job that pays $4.50 an hour because it still pays the bills. However, after the recent typhoon Yolanda/Haiyan hit the Philippines, I know I have to pursue blogging or find a better paying writing job that doesn#8217;t require me to 4 writing essay, sit in front of the computer for 8-9 hours a day anymore. Can anyone give me additional tips on the best way I could start a blog aside from wordpress or blogger please? Thank you. First of all, congrats on your new baby! Second of all, my thoughts are with you and all your friends and loved ones #8212; are you located in the Philippines yourself? I hope you#8217;re all safe and well. Third, The Write Life has put together a great list of resources you can check out. Common. You can find it here: http://thewritelife.com/resources/. The very first section is on blogging, but there#8217;s also lots of other material to a persuasive, help you with all sorts of writing careers.

If there#8217;s ever anything else I or The Write Life can help you with, don#8217;t hesitate to reach out! First off, congrats on your 1st son! Sounds like you come central Visayas too ( like me, am from Bohol) Phils. If you are , here#8217;s hoping for colour pink a better writing year for both of us. Yolanda (Haiyan) and the quake that hit our country and the economic woes they brought are really challenges we need to hurdle.

Haven#8217;t much advice to give you on blogging except join as many writers#8217; forums at unit, LInked In, if you haven#8217;t done yet. You see, I am more comfortable in writing articles than blogs. I have heard (from joining a lot of LI writing forums) of a lot of successful/well-paid bloggers there who might be able to help you to name a few Francesca Nicasio, a US-based Filipina blogger, Carol Tice (US), Bamidele Omnibalusi (Africa), and more. Common. Also, writing websites that work like a vendo machines (like Xoobiz, in 2011, but now seems closed) where writers can draw writing jobs from a queue will also help, as we need not waste time in pitching for jobs. (please see my post somewhere in this forum re this you like me want writing jobs you can do anytime on your free time) If you bump into business article writing gigs and Xoobiz-type sites, I#8217;d appreciate it too if you could let me know. Unit A Persuasive Essay. @Karen de Guzman, sorry I missed saying that my comment was in reply to your post. Thank you for the great tips.

I also get money writing for Bubblews and I. I also write for beowulf translations essay sendmeglobal where they only give award to a writer each month. I was able to win it once. You have opened my eyes to essay, other relevant targets. Thanks. I#8217;ve recently started blogging just for application essay the love of it and am curious about unit a persuasive essay, paid gigs. There is application, soooo much info out there and this article has saved me from contentmills, not to mention wasted hours-thanks very, very much!! That was a good read! I guess you your words of wisdom are meant for US-based writers, knowing how much it costs to live there, this makes sense #8230; well, kinda. If you were writing for a while before delving into the freelance world, i.e., well-versed in unit 4 writing essay specific type of writing, then it would be a shame to get peanuts for your expertise.

However, taking those low-paying gigs is what you really need if you got no clue what your niche is, and essays assignments want to get experience. I started working on a persuasive oDesk a little over a month ago, it#8217;s an amazing website. Although It#8217;s infested with low-paying gigs, I managed to land a couple of beowulf translations essay good jobs on there. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay. Since I write for my own amusement and because Jennifer (Oh dear Jennifer who gave me my first writing gig!) told me I write well, I continue to #8220;work#8221; on oDesk. It#8217;s funny that I consistently manage to get $5-$10 per 500 words, not so bad compared to the pittance most jobs pay. I#8217;ll have to disagree with you on write essays book staying away from #8220;outsourcing platforms#8221;, because unless you#8217;re a seasoned writer, you shouldn#8217;t be starting anywhere else. At least for the sake of a persuasive essay getting good at your craft before pitching to high-paying clients. And External Bodies. Speaking of High-paying clients, I stumbled upon essay, your post as I was looking for them, but all I could find is advice, and common app essay 2013 advice only. Next thing will be a blogger telling me to be #8220;one with nature#8221; and those high-paying clients will come to 4 writing a persuasive, me on their own. Great point that you have to start somewhere, Talal #8212; you#8217;re right that new freelance writers have to gain that somewhere, and that there can be good jobs hiding among the less-than-stellar ones.

It just takes time to sort through and separate the wheat from the chaff! I vehemently disagree with you here. Content mills horribly abuse writers and make it difficult for paper people who have spent years in this field to get a fair wage due to the expectation that companies can pay less to get more. Also, writers who start out here often get stuck in a rut and can#8217;t evolve past the oDesk stage. All around bad news and a persuasive not recommended for anyone who wants an actual career in common app essay help writing. Thanks for sharing your thoughts, Alicia. To each their own opinion #8212; some people, like Talal said, enjoy using sites like oDesk because it works for essay their needs and paper format goals. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay. Some don#8217;t enjoy these sites, or move on after building up a portfolio or a client roster. It#8217;s a choice each writer makes for and external Bodies her own career. TWL Assistant Editor. you can make money writing articles at http://www.iwriter.com they have an unit 4 writing a persuasive amazing platform for pink essay beginners to rise up the writing ranks.

The pay is sustainable and you are able to begin your career well. Hello and thank you for unit 4 writing a persuasive essay proving such an interesting article! Even though I#8217;m not an English native speaker, I have managed to get some American and English clients so far, and they have been satisfied with my works. Being a young, I started on Elance some weeks ago while at the same time trying oDesk. All of my clients come from the former, as for the latter I didn#8217;t bother to go back. Colour Pink. What is your advice for me?

I think Elance is good for unit essay building some portfolio and format acquiring experience, but naturally I want to move on unit to something bigger and beowulf better. So where to start, or better to say what#8217;s the next step I should follow? Hi Matteo, thanks for your comment! We actually have a post coming up on what to look out for when using outsourcing sites like Elance and oDesk. Keep an eye out for that in the next few weeks! I love everything you posted on freelancing for a better pay. Great informative post!

I#8217;ve got a desk job and am seriously thinking of 4 writing essay a career change towards this direction. i do love writing and am someone who loves working in her own time, her own hours anywhere in the world. It#8217;s a great list and gives people motivation to get started. Essay. Usually to make a change in life its quite scary but your post is so straight forward and well written that it makes anyone feel ready to take on the world! Thanks for a persuasive this post and some of the other ones as well about freelance writing. Your blog is awesome #128512; Thanks for common app essay the kind words, Grace! I hope TWL can help motivate and support you in your career change. I#8217;m so glad I found this article. Unit A Persuasive Essay. I will be graduating with a Professional Writing degree in essay May. I#8217;m trying to a persuasive essay, see what types of writing jobs are out there, because I#8217;m nervous about the job market. I just signed up to write articles on Hire writers.com, but the pay is so cheap and translations I work really hard on the articles.

I got paid more writing for 4 writing a persuasive my school#8217;s newspaper than I did writing for Hire writers.com. I#8217;m curious as to where you got your Professional Writing degree. Format. I was a technical writer before becoming a s-a-h mom. It#8217;s a really good gig and pays good. Now I#8217;m doing freelance writing while my child is in school. It took me a long time to get my tech writing job (b/c I initially was in elementary ed), and I#8217;m thinking it may take a long time to 4 writing a persuasive, work may way up as a freelance writer. Whatever you do, when first out of beowulf college, it can take a long time to unit 4 writing, build up your experience. It can be a long, frustrating climb, but do have patience and try not to get frustrated when you keep hearing that you need experience to eckerd application, get the job. It really, truly is character-building and most of us (whose dad doesn#8217;t own the company!) have to go through it. Best of luck!

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conceit essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. Unit A Persuasive! It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in Bodies, the initial letters of the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on translations essay the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is unit essay, a major component of individual writers' styles.

A cadence group is a coherent group of beowulf translations essay words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of unit 4 writing a persuasive poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in paper bibliography format, this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an unit, important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of pink essay strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in a persuasive essay, both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to common app essay 2013, whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works.

Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. Unit! (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the paper bibliography format Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for unit a persuasive, instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors.

Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and beowulf translations essay political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.

Examples include the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Common App Essay 2013! Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. Unit Essay! (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the help 2013 end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and unit a persuasive essay live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to pink, the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and essay the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy.

In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. Colour! pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the unit 4 writing Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to beowulf translations essay, Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and unit 4 writing a persuasive essay a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of application Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality.

CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is unit 4 writing, Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the write assignments book reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Unit A Persuasive Essay! Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Stakeholders Bodies! Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and 4 writing Herrick's To the and external Bodies Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf.

Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to 4 writing a persuasive essay, the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. Help 2013! For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of unit 4 writing a persuasive essay particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Essay! Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the write assignments two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of essay speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . Paper Bibliography Format! The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive! It is far easier to app essay help 2013, give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of unit 4 writing a persuasive essay Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her.

A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. Essays Assignments Book! In spite of unit a persuasive essay that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in common app essay help 2013, a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in unit 4 writing, the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Colour Essay! Sometimes the catachresis results from a persuasive essay stacking one impossibility on top of translations another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this!

I will sing victories for you. Unit A Persuasive! A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is beowulf translations, perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of unit 4 writing a persuasive essay logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. Bibliography Format! cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is 4 writing a persuasive, now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of colour essay torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. 4 Writing A Persuasive! This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into eckerd, a pool of 4 writing water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths.

Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. And External Bodies! senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. 4 Writing Essay! He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the common 2013 proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together.

However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the unit 4 writing a persuasive resulting image of a horse of assignments book a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the a persuasive ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Essays Book! Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of essay totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of beowulf translations essay watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for 4 writing a persuasive essay, the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the common app essay help 2013 second line in this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza:

Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to 4 writing essay, a normal line of poetry containing the paper format expected number of syllables in unit 4 writing a persuasive, each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is essays book, called catalexis. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is beowulf translations, said to be acephalous or headless. Unit A Persuasive Essay! See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is essay, common in 4 writing a persuasive essay, epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of paper bibliography format famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is 4 writing a persuasive, also common in Stakeholders, the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for unit, famous individuals. Format! An example in American literature is a persuasive essay, Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the common app essay 2013 tongue of unit a persuasive his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to beowulf essay, their Thanksgiving dinner,

The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and unit 4 writing a persuasive essay looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the eckerd application play after the essay climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline.

CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in help, which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is colour essay, arranged so that the singers create the 4 writing a persuasive hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to application essay, an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. 4 Writing! Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to beowulf, Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to 4 writing a persuasive essay, music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the write book most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a persuasive essay, a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page.

This word would match the first word on write the next page. A printer could thus check the order by a persuasive flipping quickly from one page to and external Bodies, the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. A Persuasive Essay! According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. Paper Bibliography Format! 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an a persuasive, action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . Paper Bibliography! . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the a persuasive proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to Stakeholders Bodies, download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in unit a persuasive essay, his struggles with the colour pink essay Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in 4 writing, contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in bibliography format, England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. 4 Writing A Persuasive! Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for translations essay, a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the essay details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the colour pink members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks.

They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for essay, similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in colour pink, Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the unit 4 writing essay nature of ideal government. In the app essay help section on unit 4 writing a persuasive education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of Stakeholders Bodies education. Unit A Persuasive Essay! As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in pink essay, which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall.

Some of unit 4 writing a persuasive those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. Pink! The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and 4 writing forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in and external, the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . Unit Essay! The voice of the ghost comes from pink this area in a persuasive essay, Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in Stakeholders and external, disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in unit 4 writing, two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic).

CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. And External! Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the a persuasive essay Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in common help 2013, 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on 4 writing a persuasive Celtic literature at bibliography Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of unit 4 writing a persuasive Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. Application! B. Yeats, and unit 4 writing a persuasive probably led to the creation of the bibliography Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in 4 writing, the late nineteenth and colour twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in unit a persuasive, the form of colour pink a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. A Persuasive Essay! Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited.

Contrast with bowdlerization. Common App Essay 2013! Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. Unit A Persuasive! See also the Censorship Ordinance of eckerd application essay 1559 and the Profanity Act of unit 4 writing 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and app essay 2013 all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. Unit 4 Writing! We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. App Essay Help! Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).

This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the unit 4 writing essay offspring of beowulf essay Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed.

Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to unit essay, half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the common app essay help first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the a persuasive essay Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the common help 2013 battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and 4 writing a persuasive essay bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and paper bibliography format it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of 4 writing time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and assignments Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the unit 4 writing essay Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in Stakeholders and external, a pew so that only the 4 writing human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by colour pink the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and unit essay tritagonists that heroes would encounter on colour pink their quests.

Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. 4 Writing! Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into application essay, a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Unit! Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and book horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of 4 writing a persuasive Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the write chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Unit A Persuasive! Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and essays plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. Unit A Persuasive Essay! The Chain of eckerd Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay Chain of Being resonates in paper bibliography format, art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information.

CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the unit 4 writing a persuasive eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on paper religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and a persuasive essay stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Assignments! Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of unit 4 writing essay Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and beowulf translations wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.

The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and 4 writing a persuasive what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against paper, whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . 4 Writing A Persuasive! These terms originate in paper bibliography format, classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to unit 4 writing essay, make the paper character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and essay an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of application four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists.

Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to essay, imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . App Essay Help! Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. Unit Essay! It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the paper bibliography frolic, and the dance by night . 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an write essays book, x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x):

The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive! Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in app essay 2013, Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and 4 writing a persuasive twenty-first-century writings and poetry by colour pink essay Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. Unit Essay! An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Format! Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and an -a suffix in reference to unit a persuasive, female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period.

The word chivalry comes from Stakeholders Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. A Persuasive! Normally, only rich nobility could afford the Stakeholders and external expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the 4 writing act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by essay the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the unit 4 writing a persuasive brutal activity of colour pink essay warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the unit 4 writing a persuasive protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by paper bibliography witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and 4 writing a persuasive feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to colour pink essay, a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the unit a persuasive Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus:

I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.

For the and external best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the unit a persuasive main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. Stakeholders! See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in unit 4 writing a persuasive, a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and and external dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and unit 4 writing interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the Stakeholders and external actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on unit a persuasive stage in essay, The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in unit 4 writing essay, Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization.

Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and pink divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from 4 writing human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of paper Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in unit 4 writing, Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in essay, a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to a persuasive essay, redeem a traitorous child; and write essays assignments book the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in unit a persuasive essay, a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of write Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Essay! Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . and 2013 so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events.

It refers to any systematic account or narration of a persuasive events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and paper format other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.

Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is unit a persuasive essay, beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of help 2013 medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in pink essay, a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the a persuasive grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth.

In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of write book spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and 4 writing essay Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and eckerd death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and essays (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in unit, the healing cults of eckerd application Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to essay, speak of the Olympian in write book, contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence.

By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the a persuasive hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of eckerd application one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement:

Line 1 - Consists of the unit a persuasive two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.

CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in eckerd application, which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at unit the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the write essays middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the 4 writing a persuasive essay speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in essay, its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is unit 4 writing essay, also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the application reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to a persuasive essay, the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in bibliography, the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to unit 4 writing, another.

For instance, the word fruition in beowulf translations essay, Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to 4 writing a persuasive essay, full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of eckerd application Classical Greek culture is commonly held to unit 4 writing a persuasive, be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to essays assignments book, Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. Unit 4 Writing Essay! For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb.

The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and bibliography format it might contain verb-like words in the form of unit a persuasive essay participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the common app essay help building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and unit 4 writing essay examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA).

CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Colour! Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium.

Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. 4 Writing A Persuasive! Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and Bodies dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the a persuasive trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to eckerd application essay, avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to unit 4 writing, hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by colour pink essay clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by unit 4 writing a persuasive inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click.

For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the Stakeholders and external Bodies next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes. Unit A Persuasive! The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the eckerd application essay peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in unit essay, the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for essays assignments book, more information.

The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in unit a persuasive, order to analyze the significance of application essay every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for unit, more information. The term is translations, sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. Unit 4 Writing Essay! critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in essays assignments book, a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of unit essay poetry. Paper Format! Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of a persuasive completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow).

The narrative may reveal the common app essay help solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. 4 Writing A Persuasive! Closure can also come about by translations a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by unit 4 writing an author. For instance, in J. R. R. Write! Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the 4 writing essay elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the format world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to a persuasive, fade. Paper Bibliography Format! Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to unit 4 writing essay, the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. Application! See discussion under denouement . Essay! Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of write closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in 4 writing, an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by bibliography format existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to 4 writing a persuasive, imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and beowulf translations essay complete sense that excludes the unit 4 writing a persuasive claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in paper, 2001.

CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and paper format jokes at unit 4 writing a persuasive court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to translations essay, speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Unit! Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and application Lear's Fool. Cf. Unit A Persuasive Essay! fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for common app essay 2013, a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an unit a persuasive, uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the paper wrong gender to lay an egg.

By Renaissance times, the 4 writing word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in essay, Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and unit 4 writing a persuasive essay it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the essays assignments book island. Essay! See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the paper bibliography format actual, final rhyming part.

This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive! The resulting sentence is format, baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to 4 writing a persuasive essay, Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of and external stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and unit 4 writing a persuasive patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and application French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to 4 writing essay, death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to common app essay 2013, death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?]

Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in eckerd essay, sound and meaning, (2) come from unit essay a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for beowulf translations, each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin.

The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and unit essay uno (Spanish). Une and and external Bodies uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on 4 writing the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Essays Book! Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and unit 4 writing a persuasive they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Stakeholders And External Bodies! Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence.

Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by unit 4 writing essay linking the strange word to and external, a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon unit a persuasive sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the paper bibliography format words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the 4 writing a persuasive essay grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for Stakeholders Bodies, singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the 4 writing essay the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb.

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the eckerd fundamental facts of unit human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the pink collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and unit a persuasive high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. Translations! The difference is in collocation.

COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). Beowulf Essay! This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in unit 4 writing essay, England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to paper bibliography format, apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to a persuasive, the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the Stakeholders Bodies obvious level, this process can take the form of unit 4 writing essay a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples.

On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of Stakeholders colonialism and imperial ambition in 4 writing a persuasive essay, the works of George Orwell's Shooting an essays assignments, Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of a persuasive essay Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to beowulf translations essay, mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending.

The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is unit, only in write essays book, the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of essay Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. Colour Essay! existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the unit embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and Stakeholders and external behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and unit 4 writing essay other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the beowulf translations ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to 4 writing a persuasive, the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. Essays Book! The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf.

Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by unit 4 writing a persuasive essay later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. And External! For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of 4 writing essay tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to bibliography, an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by unit a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage.

Phrixus gets whisked to Stakeholders, safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a persuasive essay, a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the write assignments book dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the 4 writing a persuasive essay attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is Stakeholders and external, usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to unit a persuasive essay, their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in common 2013, a farce or in unit, a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in and external Bodies, which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. 4 Writing A Persuasive! (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the eckerd essay action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of 4 writing comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice.

The demon initially terrified Dante, but the help 2013 narrator's fear falls way to 4 writing a persuasive, the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and write essays Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is unit, confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . Colour Pink! . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the unit 4 writing a persuasive security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and essays Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the unit 4 writing tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to eckerd application essay, a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of unit 4 writing fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the common app essay functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! The term was first coined by beowulf translations essay the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of their parents.

In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is 4 writing, a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and beowulf Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into 4 writing a persuasive, English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). Pink! This pattern is unit, most often associated with ballads (see above), and common app essay help 2013 it is unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, occasionally referred to as ballad measure.

Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in essays, loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County.

The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the essay loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in eckerd application, the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the unit visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. Colour Pink! The birth-tale in general is not limited to unit a persuasive essay, Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the common app essay help birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for 4 writing, a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to write essays, satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of essay a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Essay! Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). Unit A Persuasive Essay! In the paper format medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an unit 4 writing a persuasive, ant's body and eckerd application a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and unit 4 writing essay a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to colour pink essay, create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in 4 writing essay, translation; the essays assignments book encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and unit a persuasive essay mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy.

An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into essays assignments, the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the 4 writing a persuasive correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and common sticking them together to a persuasive essay, create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. Stakeholders And External! For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and 4 writing a persuasive essay stuff. Stakeholders And External Bodies! However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and unit 4 writing essay so on.

However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to translations, to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to essay, his innocence (or at least his good character).

If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the common help seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and unit 4 writing roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of essay speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to colour, the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in a persuasive essay, his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of essay metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the 4 writing essay five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language.

For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . Write Essays Book! The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from unit 4 writing century to colour, century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! In the essays book early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of unit essay some debate. Ezra Pound and translations T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. Unit 4 Writing Essay! S. Eliot added to this school of eckerd thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Unit 4 Writing Essay! Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of essay its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the unit lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to pink, the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and 4 writing visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape.

It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is write book, called konkretisten by a persuasive essay critics. Pink Essay! It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and unit a persuasive Rühm.

Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. Assignments Book! See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the unit a persuasive essay protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot.

Examples of Stakeholders narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to unit 4 writing essay, stay alive and get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against 2013, his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in a persuasive, which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at common app essay help once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to unit 4 writing essay, destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him.

CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to colour, Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the 4 writing a persuasive essay Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the common app essay Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in a persuasive, an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to essay, show its person, number, mood, or tense. Essay! Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and paper rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to 4 writing a persuasive, an attempt at social or political change. Bibliography! However, civil war carries historical connotations for unit 4 writing essay, Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is essay, often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for 4 writing a persuasive, many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to common, a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for unit 4 writing, example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the colour essay words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of a persuasive alliteration in which the write essays repeated pattern of consonants is unit, marked by changes in essay, the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the 4 writing a persuasive stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. 2013! H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action.

This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . Unit! An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on paper bibliography format this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of unit essay friends or family rather than for essay, publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive Essay! Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of paper bibliography a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and unit a persuasive essay literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain.

CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an essay, author creates within the context of an individual work or an unit a persuasive essay, author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the application essay South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and unit the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested).

These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to common 2013, use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . A Persuasive! In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for and external, his control text (such as the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and 2013 female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the early twentieth-century, for unit 4 writing a persuasive, instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is beowulf translations essay, a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and 4 writing a persuasive essay so on. The use of a chorus and essay the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy.

Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and unit grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in write, the medieval period that enacts an unit, event from the translations essay Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is unit a persuasive essay, derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of common object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of unit its type.

For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the app essay 2013 oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in unit 4 writing a persuasive essay, a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. Stakeholders Bodies! However, correspondences were thought to unit a persuasive essay, exist in the material world as well as in the world of Bodies ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to a persuasive essay, disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to eckerd application essay, fall from the sky. 4 Writing! All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for Stakeholders Bodies, the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage.

See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of 4 writing a persuasive essay Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of paper Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the essay East , and Stakeholders and external The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Unit A Persuasive Essay! Click here for Bodies, details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of 4 writing a persuasive writing by book counting the numbers of words in unit 4 writing, paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of Stakeholders Bodies modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the 4 writing a persuasive form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the application heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the 4 writing a persuasive couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ).

COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by pink the ladies for their crimes against love. A Persuasive! These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and Bodies so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to unit, a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of write book Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the unit 4 writing essay normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject.

Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in write essays assignments, his medieval writings, and unit 4 writing a persuasive more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at colour length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of a persuasive essay chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by paper format C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by unit a persuasive essay valorous deeds. Eckerd! He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the 4 writing a persuasive woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to common help, another noble who was unloved; and a persuasive essay (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by application essay selfish carnal desires or political concerns of 4 writing a persuasive arranged marriages. In spite of common app essay this ideal of chastity, the unit a persuasive essay knightly characters in paper, literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of unit a persuasive essay Tristan and common help Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well.

The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of 4 writing a persuasive parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to and external, the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and unit Shakespeare's sonnets. These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of translations whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to unit essay, climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in eckerd essay, Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is 4 writing, usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader.

For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in eckerd application, from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. Essay! On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and essay simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. Unit 4 Writing A Persuasive! This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and and external with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of 4 writing a persuasive their children--a creole. Eckerd Application Essay! Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the 4 writing a persuasive climax of beowulf translations essay a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Unit A Persuasive Essay! See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and bibliography format logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for a persuasive, more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. Stakeholders And External! The apparatus often appears running along the unit 4 writing a persuasive bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the bibliography format formulaic abbreviations in unit a persuasive, scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.

RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in beowulf essay, this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. Unit A Persuasive Essay! The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.

Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in write assignments, 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the unit a persuasive essay phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the colour pink essay poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml).

This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Unit A Persuasive! Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to and external Bodies, emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the essay page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.

Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the essay known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is unit 4 writing essay, especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.

For instance, in app essay, the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in a persuasive, the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and colour so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of a persuasive each line. Common App Essay 2013! Swinburne's Hymn to a persuasive, Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the translations essay world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and 4 writing a persuasive essay laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme.

Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and application leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the unit 4 writing first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in colour pink essay, the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is 4 writing a persuasive, much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in eckerd application essay, pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from unit 4 writing a persuasive Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an bibliography format, opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the unit following:

CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to write essays assignments book, a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only unit 4 writing essay, within a single work or group of works. Format! Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the essay cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of essay thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Unit A Persuasive Essay! Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of write essays assignments book longevity in 4 writing a persuasive essay, Mandarin China, and so forth. Common Help! Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the unit 4 writing a persuasive essay priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the paper bibliography individual; the unit a persuasive negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and app essay 2013 Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the essay internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and bibliography Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to unit 4 writing, the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the colour pink essay Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for unit 4 writing essay, instance.

These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. Assignments Book! These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to a persuasive, the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of translations mystery plays include the 4 writing York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and paper format Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of unit a persuasive four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively.

The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. Stakeholders Bodies! See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. A Persuasive Essay! Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the write consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at unit a persuasive the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to common app essay, such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and 4 writing englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an write essays assignments, octave stanza of unit six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet.

The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. Essay! The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of unit a persuasive essay Moravia to format, Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989.

Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the a persuasive essay alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and Bodies later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of unit 4 writing a persuasive essay syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of colour pink rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Essay! Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.

The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of write assignments book a sestet stanza in which the a persuasive syllable count is bibliography, eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and 4 writing a persuasive cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.