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English visual essay on "To Kill a Mocking Bird" topic Growing up

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To Kill a Mockingbird (Harper Lee) | Revision World

Gcse to kill a mockingbird essay

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Essay/Term paper: Sickle cell anemia. Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Biology: Sickle Cell Anemia , you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by to kill a mockingbird essay, Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Secret. Our writing service will save you time and grade. The sickle cell disease is an inherited blood. disorder that affects red blood cells. People with. sickle cell have red blood cells that have mostly. hemoglobin's, Sometimes these red blood cells. become sickle-shaped or crescent shaped and. Gcse To Kill Essay. have trouble going through small blood vessels.

When sickle-shaped cells block small blood. Hero. vessels, less blood can get to that part of the. body. Tissue that does not get a normal blood. flow eventually becomes damaged.This is what. causes the problems of sickle cell disease.As to. this day there is really no cure for sickle cell. disease.Red blood cells take oxygen from the gcse to kill, air. we breathe into our lungs to all parts of the body. Of Chicago Thesis. Oxygen is gcse a mockingbird essay carried in papers red blood cells by gcse a mockingbird, a. substance called hemoglobin(Hemoglobin ?#8220; is the. main substance of the red blood cell. It helps red. blood cells carry oxygen from the air in our lungs. to all parts of the body). Normal red blood cells. contain hemoglobin A. Hemoglobin S and. Research Papers Format. hemoglobin C are abnormal types of. hemoglobin.Oxygen is carried in red blood cells. by a substance called hemoglobin.The main. hemoglobin in normal red blood cells is. hemoglobin A. Gcse A Mockingbird Essay. Normal red blood cells are soft. and round and can squeeze through tiny blood.

tubes (vessels). Normally, red blood cells live for. about 120 days before new ones replace. them.People with sickle cell conditions make a. different form of hemoglobin A called hemoglobin. S (S stands for sickle). Red blood cells containing. mostly hemoglobin S do not live as long as normal. red blood cells (normally about 16 days). They. also become stiff, distorted in shape and have. difficulty passing through the body's small blood. vessels. When sickle-shaped cells block small. blood vessels, less blood can get to that part of. the research format, body.

Tissue that does not receive a normal. blood flow eventually becomes damaged. This is. what causes the gcse, complications of sickle cell. disease. There are several types of sickle cell. disease. The most common are: Sickle Cell. Anemia (SS), Sickle-Hemoglobin C Disease. (SC)Sickle Beta-Plus Thalassemia and Sickle.

Beta-Zero Thalassemia. Sickle Cell trait (AS) is. an inherited condition in which both hemoglobin A. and S are made in the red blood cells, there are. Quoting In An. always more A than S. Sickle cell trait is not a. type of to kill essay, sickle cell disease. People with sickle cell. trait are generally healthy. Essay. Sickle cell conditions. are inherited from parents in much the same way. as blood type, hair color and texture, eye color. and other physical things.

The types of hemoglobin. a person makes in the red blood cells depend. upon what hemoglobin genes the person inherits. from his or her parents. Like most genes, hemoglobin genes are inherited in two sets…one. from gcse to kill a mockingbird, each parent(Ex. If one parent has Sickle Cell. Anemia and the other is Normal, all of the children. will have sickle cell trait. 4 If one parent has sickle. cell anemia and the other has sickle cell trait, there. is a 50% chance (or 1 out of 2) of university of chicago thesis, having a baby. with either sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait. with each pregnancy,When both parents have. sickle cell trait, they have a 25% chance (1 of to kill, 4) of having a baby with sickle cell disease with each. pregnancy). HOW DO YOU KNOW IF YOU.

HAVE THIS TRAIT A SIMPLE PAINLESS. BLOOD TEST followed by a laboratory. Of Chicago. technique called Hemoglobin Electrophoresis will. determine the type of to kill a mockingbird essay, hemoglobin you have. When. you pass an ambitions essay, electric charge through a solution of. hemoglobin, distinct hemoglobins move different. distances, depending on their composition. This. technique differentiates between normal. hemoglobin (A), Sickle hemoglobin (S), and other. different kinds of hemoglobin (such as C, D, E,). To Kill A Mockingbird. Medical Problems Sickle cells are destroyed. Ambitions Essay. rapidly in gcse to kill the body of people with the disease. causing anemia, jaundice and the formation of. gallstones. The sickle cells also block the essay format, flow of. Gcse Essay. blood through vessels resulting in lung tissue. Ambitions Essay. damage (acute chest syndrome), pain episodes. (arms, legs, chest and abdomen), stroke and. priapism (painful prolonged erection).

It also. causes damage to most organs including the. spleen, kidneys and liver. Damage to the spleen. makes sickle cell disease patients, especially. young children, easily overwhelmed by certain. Gcse A Mockingbird Essay. bacterial infections. TREATMENT Health. maintenance for patients with sickle cell disease. starts with early diagnosis, preferably in the. newborn period and about my mother, includes penicillin. prophylaxis, vaccination against pneumococcus. A Mockingbird Essay. bacteria and folic acid supplementation.

Treatment. of quoting in an essay, complications often includes antibiotics, pain. management, intravenous fluids, blood transfusion. and to kill essay, surgery all backed by psychosocial support. Like all patients with chronic disease patients are. best managed in a comprehensive. Speech Format. multi-disciplinary program of care. Promising. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird Essay. Treatment Developments In search for a. substance that can prevent red blood cells from. sickling without causing harm to other parts of the. body, hydroxyurea was found to reduce the. frequency of severe pain, acute chest syndrome. and the need for blood transfusions in adult. patients with sickle cell disease. Hydroxyurea is a.

well-known drug, however its use in sickle cell. disease is relatively new and must be approached. with caution. Short-term side effects must be. carefully monitored and secret, long-term effects are still. unknown POTENTIAL SAVINGS FROM USE. Gcse Essay. OF HYDROXYUREA Estimated total U.S. sickle cell patients 65,000. Percent with severe. pain 3-5 times per year 5.2%. Estimated number. with frequent severe pain 3,380.

Assuming the. average annual number of episodes 4. Thesis. The total. number of to kill, severe pain episodes in these patients. 13,520. Assuming that 50% episodes result in. hospitalization 6,760 . Assuming the average days. of hospitalization 5 . Estimated total number of. hospital days for these patients 33,800. Assuming. cost per read angelou essay day $800. Total hospitalization costs for. these patients $27,040,000. Potential savings from. use of hydroxyurea in these patients in one year. $13,520,000.

Estimates of sickle cell disease. patients in the U.S. is to kill a mockingbird now over 70,000. In the US. there were approximately 65,000. African-Americans suffering from university of chicago thesis, sickle-cell. disease. There were about 5,500 British sufferers. Worldwide, 100,000 babies are born with the. disease annually. Sickle cell anemia results when a. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird Essay. person inherits two genes for sickle hemoglobin, and is homozygous for the mutation. American-Africans are the most likly to develope. sickle cell anemia.

Hemoglobin is composed of. two pairs of peptide chains: two alpha chains and. two beta chains. Sickle hemoglobin results from a. point mutation in the beta-globin gene. This single. nucleotide change produces a single amino acid. change: a glutamic acid at position 6 has been. Research In Mla Format. changed to a valine, according to the following. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird Essay. schedule. COOH CH - (CH2)2-COOH Glutamic. acid / NH2 COOH CH3 | CH - CH-CH3 Valine. / NH2 Glutamic acid is, as the name says, an. acidic amino acid, which means it will have a. negative charge under normal body conditions and. thus likes to be surrounded by water molecules.

Valine, on the other hand, is a neutral, or. uncharged, amino acid. Under normal conditions it. behaves like a hydrophobic, organic molecule and. wants to hide from water. This difference makes. the speech format, globin chains of hemoglobin fold differently, especially in the absence of oxygen. Normal. hemoglobin just gives up its oxygen when it gets to. the tissue that needs it, but it retains its shape. Sickle hemoglobin, on gcse to kill essay the other hand, loses its. oxygen, and becomes relatively insoluble. Secret. In the. deoxygenated form, it forms into long arrays that. come out the shape of the red cell and produce. the characteristic sickling that characterizes the. disease. The insolubility of deoxygenated. (reduced) sickle hemoglobin is the basis of a mockingbird, two. Mla. rapid diagnostic laboratory tests for sickle cell. anemia. Scientists recently have had some limited.

success in using genetic engineering techniques to. get good copies of the beta globin gene into. people with sickle cell anemia. If they can succeed. in this endeavor, people with the disease may be. cured but will still be able to pass the genes onto.

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Running With the Devil, by gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, Marilyn Manson. He may be an agent of Satan, but, oh!, the places he’s been, the people he’s known… In this exclusive excerpt from Marilyn Manson’s upcoming memoir, The Long Hard Road Out of Hell , the university of chicago author makes friends with Anton LaVey, makes fun of Corey Feldman, and makes time with Jenna Jameson. I. I had written, I had called, I had pleaded. Finally, I was granted an appointment. During a day off on the fall, 1994 Nine Inch Nails tour in San Francisco, the hotel phone rang.

“The Doctor wants to meet you,” came a woman’s voice, stern and husky. I asked her if the to kill a mockingbird essay Doctor would care to see our show the following night. I knew everything there was to know about the Doctor but he knew very little about in mla format me. “The Doctor never leaves his house,” she replied icily. “Okay, when do you want me to come over? I’m in gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, town for a few days.” “The Doctor really wants to meet you,” she replied. “Can you come between one and two tonight?”

No matter what time the Doctor called for me and where he summoned me to, I planned to be there. Of Chicago Thesis! I admired and respected him. Essay! We had a lot of things in common: We had experience as extravagant showmen, successfully placed curses on people, studied criminology and serial killers, found a kindred spirit in the writings of hero Nietzsche, and gcse to kill essay, constructed a philosophy against repression and in support of nonconformity. In short, we had both dedicated the better part of essay hero our lives to to kill essay, toppling Christianity with the weight of its own hypocrisy, and as a result been used as scapegoats to justify Christianity’s existence. “Oh,” the caller added before she hung up. “Make sure you come alone.” The Doctor was the preferred name of Anton Szandor LaVey, founder and essay speech, high priest of the Church of to kill a mockingbird essay Satan. What nearly everybody in my life—from my black magic-dabbling high school friends to my Christian schoolteachers—had misunderstood about Satanism was that it is not about speech ritual sacrifices, digging up graves, and worshipping the devil. A Mockingbird! The devil doesn’t exist. Format! Satanism is about worshipping yourself, because you are responsible for your own good and evil.

Christianity’s war against the devil has always been a fight against man’s most natural instincts—and a denial of gcse to kill a mockingbird a man’s membership in university of chicago, the animal kingdom. The idea of heaven is to kill, just Christianity’s way of in mla creating hell on earth. I’m not and have never been a spokesperson for Satanism. It’s simply part of gcse to kill a mockingbird what I believe in, along with Dr. Seuss, Dr. Quoting! Hook, Nietzsche, and the Bible, which I also believe in. I just have my own interpretation. That night in San Francisco, I didn’t tell anybody where I was going. I took a cab to essay, LaVey’s house on one of the city’s main thoroughfares.

He lived in an inconspicuous black building collared by papers in mla, a high, brutal-looking barbed wire fence. After paying the cab driver, I walked to the gate and noticed that there was no bell. As I contemplated turning back, the to kill essay gate creaked open. I was as nervous as I was excited, because, unlike most experiences where you meet someone you idolize, I could already tell this one would not be a letdown. I timidly entered the house and essay, saw no one until I was halfway up the gcse to kill stairs. A fat man in thesis, a suit with a sweep of greasy black hair covering his bald spot stood at the top. Without saying a word, he mentioned for me to gcse essay, follow him. In the times I visited LaVey since, the fat man never introduced himself or spoke. He brought me into a hallway and swung shut a heavy door, blotting out the my mother light entirely.

I couldn’t even see the fat man to follow him anymore. Just as I felt myself panicking, he grabbed my arm and pulled me the to kill rest of the way. As we followed the curve of the corridor, my hipbone collided with a doorknob, causing it to turn slightly. Angered, the fat man pulled me away. Read Graduation! Whatever was behind there was off limits to guests. The fat man pulled open a door, and left me alone in gcse to kill essay, a dimly lit study.

Beside the door there was a lavishly detailed portrait of LaVey standing next to a lion he used to keep as a house pet. The opposite wall was covered with books—a mix of biographies of Hitler and Stalin, horror by Bram Stoker and about hero my mother, Mary Shelley, philosophy by a mockingbird, Nietzsche and essay about hero, Hegel, and manuals on hypnosis and essay, mind control. In Mla! The majority of the space was taken up by gcse to kill essay, an ornate couch, over which hung several macabre paintings that looked like they were taken from Rob Serling’s Night Gallery . English Format! The oddest things about the room were the oversized playpen in the corner and the television set, which seemed out of place, a token of disposable consumerism in to kill, a world of angelou essay contemplation and contempt. To some people, this would all seem corny. To others, it would be terrifying. To me, it was exciting. All the power LaVey wielded he gained through fear—the public’s fear of a word: Satan. By telling people he was a Satanist, LaVey became Satan in their eyes—which was not unlike my attitude toward being a rock star. “One hates what one fears,” LaVey had written. “I have acquired power without conscious effort, by simply being.” Those lines could have just as easily been something I had written. As important, humor, which has no place in Christian dogma, was essential to Satanism as a valid reaction to a grotesque, misshapen world dominated by gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, a race of cretins. LaVey had been accused of secret essay being a Nazi and a racist, but his whole trip was elitism, which is the basic principle behind misanthropy. To Kill A Mockingbird Essay! In a way his intellectual elitism (and mine) is actually politically correct because it doesn’t judge people by race or creed but by the attainable, equal opportunity criterion of format intelligence.

The biggest sin in Satanism is not murder, nor is gcse, it kindness. Secret Ambitions! It is gcse, stupidity. I had originally written LaVey not to talk about human nature but to ask if he’d play theremin on Portrait of an American Family because I had heard he was the read angelou essay only registered union theremin musician in America. He never acknowledged the request directly. After sitting in the room by a mockingbird, myself for read several minutes, a woman walked in. She had gaudy blue eyeliner an unnatural coif of blow-dried bleach-blond hair, and gcse a mockingbird, pink lipstick smeared on like a kid drawing outside the lines in a coloring book. She wore a tight baby-blue cashmere sweater, a miniskirt and skin-toned hose with a ’40s garter belt and essay format, high heels. Following her was a small child, Xerxes Satan LaVey, who ran up to me and gcse to kill essay, tried to remove my rings. “I hope you’re well,” she said stiffly and formally. Essay! “I’m Blanche, the woman you spoke to on the phone. Gcse! Hail Satan.” I knew that I was supposed to respond with some kind of english format mannered phrase that ended with “hail Satan,” but I couldn’t bring myself to do so.

It seemed too empty and ritualistic, like wearing a uniform in gcse a mockingbird, Christian school. As she left, no doubt disappointed by my manners, Blanche informed me, “The Doctor will be out in a minute.” The formalities I had seen so far, combined with everything I knew about LaVey’s past—as a circus animal trainer, magician’s assistant, and all-around hustler—led me to expect a grand entrance. I was not disappointed. LaVey didn’t walk into essay about my mother, the room—he appeared. All that was missing was the sound of an explosion and a puff of smoke. He wore a black sailor’s cap, a tailored black suit, and dark sunglasses, even though he was indoors at 2:30 A.M. He moved toward me, shook my hand, and said right off the bat in his rasping voice, “I appreciate the name Marilyn Manson because it’s about putting different extreme together, which is what Satanism is about. But I can’t call you Marilyn. Can I call you Brian?” “Sure, whatever you feel comfortable with,” I replied. “Because of my relationship with Marilyn in gcse to kill essay, the ’60s, I feel uncomfortable because she has a special place in english, my heart,” LaVey said, closing his eyes gently as he spoke. He went on to talk about a sexual relationship he had with Monroe that began when she was the organist in gcse essay, a club where she was a stripper.

In our conversation, he planted the seed that his association with her made her career flower. English Speech Format! Taking credit for such things is part of to kill LaVey’s style, but he never does it arrogantly. It’s always done naturally, as if it were a well-known fact. He removed the essay format sunglasses from his goateed gargoyle head, familiar to gcse to kill, thousands of maya angelou graduation teen dabblers from the back cover of The Satanic Bible, and instantly we were enmeshed in an intense conversation. I had just met Traci Lords backstage after a show at the Universal Amphitheater in Los Angeles, and she had invited me to a party the next night. Nothing sexual happened, but it was an overwhelming experience because she was like a girl version of to kill essay me—very bossy and constantly playing mind games. A Poem Mla! Since LaVey had a relationship with another sex symbol, I thought that maybe he could give me some advice on what to do about Traci, whom I was both confused and captivated by. The advice that ensued was very cryptic, which was no doubt another way for him to gcse a mockingbird, maintain power.

The less people understand you, the smarter they think you are. Hero My Mother! “I feel like you guys belong together, and gcse to kill, I think something very important is going to a poem in an essay, happen with your relationship,” he concluded. Gcse Essay! It sounded more like the result of $50 and five minutes spent calling the Psychic Friends Network than something I expected LaVey to say. He continued by sharing sordid details about his sex life with Jane Mansfield and said that after all this time he still felt responsible for her death in papers in mla format, a car crash because he had put a curse on her manager and boyfriend, Sam Brody, after a dispute with him. Essay! Unfortunately for Mansfield, she happened to ambitions, be with him that night in New Orleans when a mosquito-spray tanker crashed into gcse to kill a mockingbird, his car, decapitating them both. Although I was suspicious about essay about some of LaVey’s claims, his rhetoric and confidence were convincing.

He had a mesmerizing voice, perhaps from his experiences as a hypnotist. The most valuable thing he did that day was the was to help me understand and come to gcse a mockingbird essay, terms with deadness, hardness, and apathy I was feeing about myself and the world around me, explaining that it was all necessary, a middle step in an evolution from an innocent child to angelou, an intelligent, powerful being capable of making a mark on the world. One aspect of LaVey’s carny personality was that he liked to a mockingbird, align himself with stars like Jayne Mansfield and Sammy Davis, Jr. also a Satanist. Speech! So it wasn’t surprising that as I left he encouraged me to bring Traci to visit him. The next day, Traci happened to be flying in to kill essay, from Los Angeles for quoting a poem essay our show in Oakland. Gcse A Mockingbird Essay! I was badly bruised and banged up after the concert, so she came back to the hotel, where she bathed and essay my mother, mothered me. But, once again, I didn’t sleep with her because I was still determined to gcse a mockingbird, remain faithful to secret, my girlfriend Missi, though Traci was the first person capable of melting my resolve. I told her about the to kill a mockingbird meeting with LaVey, and she gave me the whole Deepak Chopra, Celestine Prophecy , healing crystal, New Age rap about destiny, resurrection, and the afterlife.

She didn’t seem to understand what he was about, so I tried to clue her in as I sank into maya angelou graduation essay, restless sleep: “This guy’s got an gcse to kill essay interesting point of view. In An Essay Mla! You should listen to him.” When I brought her to to kill, his house the next day, she was a lot more cynical and self-righteous than I had been—at first. She walked in with the attitude that he was a hoax and maya graduation essay, full of shit, so she debated him whenever she disagreed even slightly with something. But when he said that a louse had more of a right to live than a human or that the concept of gcse to kill a mockingbird equality was horseshit, he was prepared to research in mla, back it up intelligently.

She left the house in silence with dozens of new ideas swirling in her head. On that visit, LaVey showed me a little more of the house—the bathroom, which was strewn with or fake cobwebs, and the kitchen, which was infested with snakes, vintage electronic instruments, and gcse a mockingbird, coffee mugs with pentagrams on them. Maya Angelou! Like any good showman, LaVey only let you know what he was about in gcse a mockingbird, small pieces and revelations, and the more information he gave you the of chicago more you realized how little you really knew about him. Near the end of our visit visit, he said, “I want to make you a reverend,” and gave me a crimson card certifying me as a minister in the Church of gcse to kill essay Satan. University Thesis! Little did I know that accepting this card would be one of the essay most controversial things I had done to that point; it seemed then (and it still does) that my ordainment was simply a gesture of respect.

It was like an honorary degree from secret essay, a university. It was also LaVey’s way of passing down the torch, because he was semiretired and tired of spending so many years advancing the same argument. To Kill! No rock musician has advocated Satanism in any lucid, intelligent, accessible way since perhaps the Rolling Stones, who in “Monkey Man” came up with a line that could have been my credo, “Well I hope we’re not too messianic / Or a trifle too satanic.” As I left, LaVey put a bony hand on my shoulder, and, as it lay there coldly, he said, “You’re gonna make a big dent. Secret Essay! You’re going to make an gcse a mockingbird impression on the world.” When I next met with LaVey a year and a half later on our “Antichrist Superstar” tour, we had a lot to discuss. I had seen the enemies I was up against, and not only were they capable of hero my mother stopping shows and a mockingbird, making unreasonable demands on our performances, but they were capable of, for no reason at all, taking away the only thing LaVey and I both stand for: personal freedom. Like LaVey, I had also discovered what happens when you say something powerful that makes people think. They become afraid of you, and they neutralize your message by giving you a label that is not open to interpretation—as a fascist, a devil worshiper, or an advocate of rape and violence. On this visit to LaVey’s house, I brought our bassist, Twiggy Ramirez, with me. Secret Ambitions! We were allowed to enter one of the a mockingbird only rooms in his 13-chamber house I hadn’t been in. It was behind the door his steward had jerked me away from when I first visited the hero house.

The room was a private museum of arcana. The entrance was a giant Egyptian sarcophagus that had been propped up against the doorway. There was a rocking chair that had supposedly belonged to Rasputin, Aleister Crowley’s pipe, a satanic altar with a giant pentagram above it, and gcse to kill, a couch lined with the fur of some endangered species. English Essay! We sat at gcse, an old wooden dining table (probably something Aleister Crowley used to snort heroin off of) and ate steak. We spoke of religion, and quoting in an essay, how much of to kill a mockingbird essay it is just a custom preserving practical codes of health, morality, and about my mother, justice that are no longer necessary for group survival (like not eating animals with cloven hooves). It makes a lot more sense to follow The Satanic Bible , written with 20th-century humanity in mind, than a book that was written as a companion to to kill, a culture long since defunct.

The last time I saw LeVay we had discussed Traci, so he asked me what had happened with her. I told him that she had blown me off and his optimistic prediction about our relationship was wrong. But after our show the next day, I found out she had been trying to read essay, hunt me down all along. Since by then I had a Top 10 album, our relationship had flipped on its axis, as LeVay said it would. When I first met Traci the fact that she was a star made her seem distant and gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, unattainable. It crushed me, which made me stronger, filling me with the desire—the need—to become more of a fucking rock star. Research! Now I had become one. This time around I was in charge, and I didn’t give a shit because I only wanted her when I couldn’t have her. A year later, a few days after Halloween, I got a call at 4 A.M. telling me that LaVey had died. To Kill A Mockingbird Essay! I was surprised by ambitions essay, how sad I felt, because he had actually become a father figure to me and I never got the chance to say good-bye to him or even thank him for a mockingbird his inspiration. But at read maya essay, the same time I knew that even though the world had lost a great philosopher, hell had gained a new leader.

II. I met Fiona Apple at the Grammy Awards after-party in gcse to kill, February 1997. She was this little singer who no one had heard of. I was a huge fan of her music. And she was so sexy and fragile—definitely too fragile for english me. If I was ever to to kill a mockingbird, be put in research format, a circumstance where I could have sex with her, I would decline because her vagina is gcse to kill, probably too precious to be dirtied by my filthy cock. When she walked into the room they were blasting the hero my mother song we did for David Lynch’s Lost Highway , “Apple of Sodom,” and gcse essay, the lyric playing was, “I got something you can never eat.” For a moment, I had a delusional self-experience, because that song’s about obsession and things you can never have and, in a distant way, is kind of inspired by her. She was slouched over and looked very timid, almost like a wounded deer, as if she was about to cry. I asked her what was wrong, and she said she was overwhelmed and research in mla, show business was too much stress for a girl of to kill essay her age with her constitution.

I asked her to sit down and said I’d bring her some food or a drink, but she was a vegan and, unlike me, was really picky about papers format what she’s put into to kill a mockingbird essay, her body, which definitely means we’ll never get along even though I’m attracted to read maya graduation essay, her on so many levels. When I was speaking with her, I was distracted for two seconds by to kill essay, some drunk teenage daughter of essay hero a celebrity who was bouncing and to kill a mockingbird essay, singing songs and essay, talking about the various rock stars who had made her pregnant. Another starfucker and sycophant sucking the life out of me and distracting me from a conversation that I wanted to have. When I turned back around, this weird fellow had kind of slithered his way up to Fiona, and was performing card tricks for her. Really lame. In the book of shitty ways to pick up women this was chapter one.

But I think it worked. The next day I asked Fiona to come to the premiere of essay Howard Stern’s Private Parts with me. He uses a song of about hero my mother ours in to kill, the movie. In some ways I think Howard Stern and I are very similar because he just says what’s on his mind and it pisses a lot of people off but it also entertains them. I consider him one of the people responsible for breaking “Sweet Dreams” because he really pushed it. I thought Fiona was going to blow me off because she launched into the kind of dawn-out story about my mother visiting a long-lost relative that I would make up if I wanted to get out of doing something.

But she called back later and said she’d go. In true rock star form, I picked her up to go to Private Parts in a white limo. An in anti-rock star form, she came out makeupless with uncombed hair. This was my first celebrity big-deal event, and I didn’t know how to behave at all. There was this red carpet and apparently you were supposed to walk down it and let people take photos of gcse essay you, but I was kind of confused. I walked down a few steps, thought I was going the wrong way, then came back to the car. Then somebody told me that I was supposed to be walking on the red carpet, so I went halfway down, then got scared because I didn’t know if I was supposed to stop or not.

Meanwhile, a bunch of quoting in an essay mla media cornered Fiona and she got mixed up doing an a mockingbird essay interview with Flavor Flav. I couldn’t take any more, I was so aggravated. It’s not my scene to sit around and schmooze with a bunch of ambitions assholes who don’t know who you are but pretend like they do. Gcse A Mockingbird Essay! Fiona decided she was gonna leave and I wasn’t really even disappointed because i felt bad for how overwhelmed she was. I went upstairs with Twiggy, who was with us, and ran into research papers in mla format, Flavor Flav. We high-fived and we danced around. I couldn’t see his eyes but if I could have he probably would have been giving me the a mockingbird essay wink that people who use drugs give to one another, whether it’s for real or it’s in quoting a poem, your mind. I was impressed with the fact that he didn’t know who Marilyn Manson was, though I’m not even sure if he knew who he was because he was definitely out of his fucking head.

At that point I ran into Billy Corgan, and I immediately gave him some muscle relaxants I had in my pocket. We decided that they made us feel “fruity,” and then we decided that that would be a great name for gcse a mockingbird a band to about, start together. So we began having a long, in-depth meeting inspired by gcse to kill essay, the fruity drug to create a fruit-filled experience called Fruity, which will probably never happen because I don’t know where I put those pills. I was surprised that Billy was cool because I thought he’d be a total asshole from all the spiritual hate mail I had gotten over papers format the years from Trent Reznor, who allegedly despises Billy over to kill essay an alleged conflict allegedly dealing with Courtney, which he says he didn’t, Billy allegedly fucked Trent’s alleged girlfriend, which he allegedly says he did, or so I’m told. Then I tried to give the mysterious pills to Conan O’Brien, telling him they were Prozac and he looked like he could use them. He just smiled with that weird creepy baby head of his and walked away to talk to university, a friend. I gave him the finger, and he just laughed. It’s amazing the things that you can get away with when something looks wrong with one of your eyes, you have badly applied makeup, you’re six-foot-three and you’re accompanied by some weirdo with the front of his head shaved who looks like a cross between Gregory Hines and Klingon on crack undergoing radiation therapy. (If you’re reading this Twiggy, I’m sorry.) Then I think we ran into Tom Arnold, who was all sweaty and to kill a mockingbird, anxious and racy and basically looked like her was on speed of some sort. Essay! I asked him where the drugs were because I was giving him that same wink that I had exchanged with Flavor Flav earlier. And he just joked “Shhh,” and I said, “All right; well, call me.”

As I was trying to walk downstairs, someone pulled me aside and said, “Come do this interview.” So me, Billy, Twiggy, and Billy’s girlfriend walked over to this couch where Howard Stern was broadcasting from. Gcse A Mockingbird Essay! Joan Rivers was standing across from us. It was loud and university of chicago thesis, chaotic and no one could hear anything anyone was saying (except us, because we had headphones on). Joan Rivers was holding up a sign that said I NEED TO TALK TO YOU. So I felt like I had to explain what was going on to Howard, because it was all being filmed for television. I joked that Joan had given me a blowjob in the bathroom and now she was stalking me and I couldn’t get rid of her because she wanted to give me another sloppy blowjob or something. I motioned for gcse her to quoting a poem in an, come over, and she came over and got down on her knees in front of me to beg for gcse to kill a mockingbird essay an interview. But it looked like she was supporting my claim—except for those beanbag tits, she’s not bad-looking for her age. English Essay Speech! Since she couldn’t understand what we were saying, we continued to humiliate her until we got bored.

We were just standing around afterwards when all of a sudden I saw walking towards me this blond, tan girl—the antithesis of what I look for gcse to kill in a woman—in a bright canary yellow dress that she must have had to read maya angelou graduation essay, wear as some kind of karmic retribution for something she had done in a past life. Though she was not the kind of gcse a mockingbird girl you’d want to hold hands with in public, the english essay fact that she was attractive shone through. Gcse A Mockingbird Essay! All this flashed before my eyes in papers in mla, the first few seconds because I decide if I’m going to like somebody before they even mention their name. I have a bad habit of not remembering people’s names when they say them. I’m usually too busy analyzing them—trying to read their intentions and determine if they’re out to fuck me or get fucked, if they want drugs or have drugs, if…I can’t think of anything else that’s important in a mockingbird, life. So this canary woman asked for my autograph because she’s a really big fan.

A little annoyed at being interrupted, I quickly dashed off an autograph, but as I did everyone was looking at essay speech format, me funny, like I was fucking someone’s mother or shitting in the punch bowl. Afterwards, some guy came up to to kill a mockingbird essay, me and told me that woman was Jenna Jameson. Essay Hero! I asked who Jenna Jameson was, and he said she was the most famous porn star right now. To Kill! In the back of my head I thought about Traci Lords and how she had actually been up for the part of a seductress in read maya, the Howard Stern movie. She asked if she could sit with me during the movie—she seemed real innocent, or she was a good actress—and we walked to the theater, assaulted by paparazzi flashbulb. I got scared for a moment, but the fruity pills I took calmed me down. When I sat down, in front of gcse a mockingbird me was Kevin Bacon, behind me was Sherman Hemsley, and walking across the essay room was Corey Feldman, a name that, ironically, one of a mockingbird essay my bandmates was staying under at the hotel. I was always amused by Corey Feldman.

He was a great actor in Stand By Me when he had the in an deformed ear and went around saying, “Jeordie screwed the pooch, Jeordie screwed the pooch.” Since Jeordie is Twiggy’s real name, I always said that to him, especially when he did screw the to kill a mockingbird pooch. Corey was in a pseudo-Michael Jackson sort of outfit that made him look stupider than any of in an essay his movies had ever made him look, and that’s hard to achieve, especially after Dream A Little Dream (Part 5) . I felt like it was my duty to introduce Corey Feldman to Sherman Hemsley wince I had known their artwork for so long. In order to shake hands, they had to reach over gcse a mockingbird essay the head of research in mla format Billy Corgan, so his bald head became the gcse to kill essay bridge over which two heroes of my childhood, Mr. Jefferson and Dorky the Vampire Slayer, met. I continued to torment Corey afterwards, putting lipstick on him and introducing him to strangers. Because it is my duty to punch below the belt, I told him I was a big fan of the rap song that I saw him perform on television, which was among the shittiest songs ever recorded yet still not cool enough by far to be the worst thing I had ever heard. When the maya essay movie started, Jena Jameson kept making comments like, “Well, what are we going to do later?

Are we going to go out to a bar? Are we going to hang out? You know I strip dance to your music. Wow I can’t believe I’m really sitting here with you…” She had a whole catalog of different “I’m a whore, I’m a virgin, I’m your mom, I’m your daughter” lines; she had all different kinds of gcse to kill a mockingbird fuck-me-doll looks; she pulled out the entire contents of about hero her seduction bag of tricks. There’s a scene in the film where Howard is sitting with a famous B-movie girl at gcse to kill a mockingbird, a theater and she puts her hand on essay, his leg. At the same time, Jenna put her hand on my leg, which completely freaked me out because the part that Traci Lords was originally supposed to play in the movie was that B-movie actress.

Jenna’s hand slowly started to creep up toward my crotch, and, since I wasn’t on coke, I had a hard-on. I probably could have gotten one anyways because she had some sort of magical touch to her fingertips. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird Essay! After the film, we rode to the Whiskey Bar in quoting a poem, my limo. She had a friend with her that nobody wanted to talk to because she wasn’t a porn star and the fact that she wasn’t wearing a yellow dress didn’t make up for the fact that she was not as attractive as her friend. Maybe Jenna had worn the yellow dress out of friendship, like a golfing handicap, to diminish her powers.

At the bar, we sat between Billy Corgan and gcse a mockingbird essay, Rick Rubin. Somehow Jenna had my jacket on her lap, and she put my hand up her skirt to thesis, show me that she wasn’t wearing any underwear. So I was sitting there with my hand inside her trying to convince Billy Corgan, on my left, that if he wore a yellow shirt with a black zig-zag across it he would be Charlie Brown. But I was so drunk and to kill, high that Rick Rubin’s beard seemed like a cloud, covering the mla whole room. Everybody had his heard. I looked around and gcse essay, Jenna had the read maya essay beard, I felt the beard under her skirt, all of a sudden Billy Corgan had a full head of hair made out of Rick Rubin’s bear. To Kill! ZZ Top showed up in the Eliminator car and had a bunch of hot girls got out. They were all people I had fucked and read maya, they all had beards. Gcse Essay! I got stressed out, and university, I was having a bit of an episode, and I didn’t know where my finger was. When I removed it I was too scared to gcse essay, look at it or smell it because if it was good, I would want to make Billy smell it, and if it was bad, I didn’t want to ruin the pleasant evening I was anticipating.

So I just avoided it altogether, sitting on my hand so the smell would waft. Back in the limo, I asked Jenna if she wanted to essay, go back to gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, my room. But she said she had someone waiting for her at secret essay, her hotel. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird! Then she had some kind of secret dialogue with her friend in university of chicago, Urdu or old Dutch or sign language or hieroglyphics. What I discovered through many years of linguistic and archaeological research int women’s codes was that she was married and her husband was waiting for her, which was more fantastic and made me want her more. So she came back with me, of course, and I recalled from the film that the character who was supposed to be played by Traci Lords made Howard Stern get in the bathtub with her. So I thought, “Why not?” The only other thing I can remember from to kill, that night is that she had a tattoo on her ass that said HEARTBREAKER.

But then again, everyone in America who has ever watched any of read angelou her films knows that, so maybe it was all a dream. But if it was a dream, it was a wet one. The following is an interview with SPIN’s Julia Chaplin and accompanied Manson’s autobiography excerpt above. SPIN: You’re only 28. A Mockingbird Essay! Don’t you think it’s a little early to maya angelou, write an autobiography? Manson: I though it would be earlier now than later in life to explain how I grew up and the transformation that’s taken place over the past 27 years. I tried to do that on Antichrist Superstar , but it was much more esoteric and metaphorical, and I don’t think a lot of gcse a mockingbird essay people understood it. Now people will know the facts, not a version skewed by magazine editors. How much of of chicago The Long Hard Road Out of Hell did you actually write? It was mostly dictated. I would tell [coauthor] Neil Strauss stories, because I don’t have the patience or skill to write them down myself.

I’m sure in a month or so I’m sure in a month or so I’ll deny things I’ve said and attribute them to drug use or coercion by Neil. After reading you life story, do you still like yourself? I’m so detached from the things that I’ve done that when I read the gcse to kill a mockingbird book it’s almost like hearing them for the first time. Essay About Hero! Sometimes it makes me feel like shit about myself, and sometimes it makes me finally understand. In the book you dis most everyone, from friends like Trent Reznor, Daisy Berkowitz, and Courtney Love, to to kill, your fans, your parents, and your record label. About My Mother! Do you fear retaliation from gcse essay, anyone? I don’t fear anything.

Life is format, short and to kill, I’m here to entertain people. It’s just my point of view. Anyone I’ve offended, they always have their side of the story. Do you think Trent, who produced Antichrist Superstar , will be entertained with your portrayal of him as a jealous control freak? I don’t know how he’ll feel about anything that I’ve done or said. I love him like a brother and I hope that we’ve all learned something from the past year. Tell me about your next album. We’re nearly finished writing it.

Whereas on Antichrist Superstar I compared myself to research papers in mla, Lucifer’s fall from heaven, giving God the middle finger the gcse to kill essay whole way down, the new album is more about what happens when I land on essay, earth and try to fit in as a human being. Who will produce the record? Billy Corgan will be executive producer. After meeting him last year I saw he was different than the people I had worked with in the past. I’ve always been more of a traditional Beatles/Rolling Stones/David Bowie songwriting fan, and to kill a mockingbird, sometimes that had been discouraged for in an mla the sake of being more inventive. Billy actually made me feel good about the gcse things that I like in music. Research In Mla! I’ve also recruited the Dust Brothers to mix the album. Why did you decide to work with Billly instead of gcse to kill a mockingbird essay Trent?

I don’t want people to secret ambitions essay, think Marilyn Manson can only sound like Nine Inch Nails. To Kill A Mockingbird Essay! We hired Trent because I respected, and still do respect, what he does musically. But that’s not all I have to offer. A lot of people say Trent Reznor was the talent behind your last two albums. The next record will prove Marilyn Manson’s musical identity. And whether that proves that I’m a failure or a genius remains to be seen.

Will you stay on essay hero, Reznor’s Nothing Records? Absolutely. There’s no bitterness on my part toward Trent, but there is no reason for us to work together on another album. Are you plotting to piss off conservatives with the to kill a mockingbird next record? No. I’m actually hoping to piss off Satanists. It may have a gospel edge to it. Does that mean you won’t be playing Ozzfest next summer? Maybe Lilith Fair would be better. Those people are far more depraved and hero my mother, satanic than I could ever be. Gcse To Kill Essay! Christians hate their message—open-mindedness, sexuality, women’s rights—and they’re presenting it in an innocuous, folksy way.

That’s much more subversive than me. What do you think of the recent Senate hearings where they blamed your song lyrics for a teenager’s suicide? It’s a tradition to try and university, blame music for a bad upbringing. These hearings are the result of essay someone looking to quoting a poem mla, get reelected or trying to get their name in a mockingbird, the paper. The exploit the parents who claim their kids have been injured because of music.

That’s far more despicable than anything I could ever do.

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The Modern Essay by Virginia Woolf. Widely considered one of the finest essayists of the a mockingbird essay, 20th century, Virginia Woolf composed this essay as a review of Ernest Rhys's five-volume anthology of Modern English Essays: 1870-1920 (J.M. Dent, 1922). The review originally appeared in The Times Literary Supplement , November 30, 1922, and Woolf included a slightly revised version in her first collection of english essay speech, essays, The Common Reader (1925). In her brief preface to gcse a mockingbird, the collection, Woolf distinguished the common reader (a phrase borrowed from Samuel Johnson) from the critic and scholar: He is quoting a poem in an essay mla worse educated, and nature has not gifted him so generously. He reads for his own pleasure rather than to impart knowledge or correct the opinions of others. Above all, he is guided by an instinct to create for himself, out of whatever odds and ends he can come by, some kind of whole--a portrait of gcse essay, a man, a sketch of an age, a theory of the quoting, art of writing. Here, assuming the guise of the common reader, she offers a few . . . ideas and opinions about the nature of the English essay. Compare Woolf's thoughts on gcse essay writing with those expressed by secret essay Maurice Hewlett in The Maypole and the Column and by Charles S. Brooks in The Writing of Essays. As Mr.

Rhys truly says, it is unnecessary to go profoundly into the history and to kill essay, origin of the essay--whether it derives from Socrates or Siranney the Persian--since, like all living things, its present is more important than its past. Moreover, the family is widely spread; and while some of its representatives have risen in the world and wear their coronets with the best, others pick up a precarious living in the gutter near Fleet Street. Essay About Hero? The form, too, admits variety. The essay can be short or long, serious or trifling, about God and Spinoza, or about turtles and Cheapside. But as we turn over the pages of these five little volumes, containing essays written between 1870 and 1920, certain principles appear to control the to kill a mockingbird, chaos, and we detect in the short period under review something like the progress of graduation, history.

Of all forms of essay, literature, however, the essay is the one which least calls for the use of long words. The principle which controls it is secret essay simply that it should give pleasure; the desire which impels us when we take it from the gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, shelf is simply to receive pleasure. Everything in an essay must be subdued to that end. It should lay us under a spell with its first word, and we should only wake, refreshed, with its last. In the interval we may pass through the most various experiences of amusement, surprise, interest, indignation; we may soar to the heights of fantasy with Lamb or plunge to english format, the depths of wisdom with Bacon, but we must never be roused. The essay must lap us about and draw its curtain across the world. So great a feat is seldom accomplished, though the fault may well be as much on the reader's side as on the writer's. Habit and lethargy have dulled his palate. A novel has a story, a poem rhyme; but what art can the essayist use in these short lengths of prose to gcse a mockingbird, sting us wide awake and fix us in a trance which is not sleep but rather an intensification of life--a basking, with every faculty alert, in the sun of pleasure? He must know--that is the ambitions, first essential--how to write.

His learning may be as profound as Mark Pattison's, but in an essay, it must be so fused by the magic of writing that not a fact juts out, not a dogma tears the gcse to kill a mockingbird, surface of the texture. Quoting In An Essay? Macaulay in one way, Froude in another, did this superbly over and over again. Gcse? They have blown more knowledge into us in the course of one essay than the innumerable chapters of a hundred textbooks. But when Mark Pattison has to tell us, in the space of essay about hero my mother, thirty-five little pages, about Montaigne, we feel that he had not previously assimilated M. Grun. M. Grun was a gentleman who once wrote a bad book. M. Grun and his book should have been embalmed for our perpetual delight in amber. But the process is fatiguing; it requires more time and perhaps more temper than Pattison had at his command. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird? He served M. Grun up raw, and he remains a crude berry among the cooked meats, upon which our teeth must grate forever. Something of the sort applies to Matthew Arnold and a certain translator of Spinoza.

Literal truth-telling and finding fault with a culprit for his good are out of place in an essay, where everything should be for our good and rather for eternity than for the March number of the Fortnightly Review . Papers In Mla Format? But if the voice of the scold should never be heard in this narrow plot, there is another voice which is as a plague of locusts--the voice of to kill a mockingbird essay, a man stumbling drowsily among loose words, clutching aimlessly at vague ideas, the voice, for example, of Mr. Hutton in quoting in an essay the following passage: A book could take that blow, but it sinks an essay. A biography in two volumes is indeed the proper depository, for there, where the licence is so much wider, and hints and glimpses of outside things make part of the feast (we refer to gcse to kill essay, the old type of Victorian volume), these yawns and stretches hardly matter, and have indeed some positive value of their own. But that value, which is contributed by the reader, perhaps illicitly, in his desire to get as much into the book from all possible sources as he can, must be ruled out here. There is no room for the impurities of literature in an essay. Somehow or other, by dint of labor or bounty of nature, or both combined, the essay must be pure--pure like water or pure like wine, but pure from dullness, deadness, and deposits of extraneous matter. Mla? Of all writers in gcse a mockingbird essay the first volume, Walter Pater best achieves this arduous task, because before setting out to write his essay ('Notes on Leonardo da Vinci') he has somehow contrived to get his material fused. He is a learned man, but it is not knowledge of Leonardo that remains with us, but a vision, such as we get in a good novel where everything contributes to bring the writer's conception as a whole before us. Only here, in the essay, where the bounds are so strict and facts have to be used in their nakedness, the true writer like Walter Pater makes these limitations yield their own quality. Truth will give it authority; from its narrow limits he will get shape and intensity; and then there is no more fitting place for some of those ornaments which the old writers loved and we, by calling them ornaments, presumably despise.

Nowadays nobody would have the courage to embark on the once famous description of Leonardo's lady who has. learned the secrets of the grave; and has been a diver in deep seas and keeps their fallen day about her; and trafficked for strange webs with Eastern merchants; and, as Leda, was the mother of Helen of Troy, and, as Saint Anne, the mother of Mary . . . The passage is speech format too thumb-marked to slip naturally into the context. But when we come unexpectedly upon 'the smiling of women and the motion of great waters', or upon gcse a mockingbird 'full of the refinement of the dead, in sad, earth-coloured raiment, set with pale stones', we suddenly remember that we have ears and we have eyes and that the English language fills a long array of quoting in an, stout volumes with innumerable words, many of which are of more than one syllable. The only living Englishman who ever looks into these volumes is, of course, a gentleman of gcse, Polish extraction. But doubtless our abstention saves us much gush, much rhetoric, much high-stepping and cloud-prancing, and for the sake of the prevailing sobriety and hard-headedness, we should be willing to papers in mla format, barter the splendor of Sir Thomas Browne and the vigor of Swift. Yet, if the gcse to kill, essay admits more properly than biography or fiction of sudden boldness and metaphor, and can be polished till every atom of its surface shines, there are dangers in format that too. We are soon in sight of ornament. Soon the current, which is the life-blood of literature, runs slow; and instead of sparkling and flashing or moving with a quieter impulse which has a deeper excitement, words coagulate together in gcse a mockingbird essay frozen sprays which, like the grapes on a Christmas-tree, glitter for a single night, but are dusty and garnish the day after.

The temptation to decorate is great where the theme may be of the read angelou graduation, slightest. What is there to interest another in the fact that one has enjoyed a walking tour, or has amused oneself by rambling down Cheapside and looking at the turtles in Mr. Sweeting's shop window? Stevenson and Samuel Butler chose very different methods of exciting our interest in these domestic themes. Stevenson, of course, trimmed and polished and set out his matter in the traditional eighteenth-century form. It is admirably done, but we cannot help feeling anxious, as the gcse a mockingbird essay, essay proceeds, lest the material may give out under the craftsman's fingers. The ingot is so small, the manipulation so incessant. University Of Chicago Thesis? And perhaps that is why the peroration--

To sit still and contemplate--to remember the faces of gcse to kill essay, women without desire, to be pleased by the great deeds of men without envy, to essay speech format, be everything and everywhere in sympathy and yet content to remain where and what you are-- has the sort of insubstantiality which suggests that by the time he got to the end he had left himself nothing solid to work with. Gcse Essay? Butler adopted the very opposite method. Think your own thoughts, he seems to say, and speak them as plainly as you can. These turtles in the shop window which appear to quoting in an mla, leak out of their shells through heads and gcse, feet suggest a fatal faithfulness to a fixed idea. And so, striding unconcernedly from maya essay, one idea to the next, we traverse a large stretch of ground; observe that a wound in the solicitor is a very serious thing; that Mary Queen of Scots wears surgical boots and is subject to gcse to kill, fits near the Horse Shoe in Tottenham Court Road; take it for maya angelou essay granted that no one really cares about gcse essay Aeschylus; and so, with many amusing anecdotes and some profound reflections, reach the quoting a poem in an essay, peroration, which is that, as he had been told not to see more in Cheapside than he could get into twelve pages of the Universal Review , he had better stop. And yet obviously Butler is at least as careful of our pleasure as Stevenson, and to write like oneself and call it not writing is a much harder exercise in style than to write like Addison and call it writing well. But, however much they differ individually, the Victorian essayists yet had something in common.

They wrote at greater length than is now usual, and they wrote for a public which had not only time to sit down to its magazine seriously, but a high, if peculiarly Victorian, standard of culture by which to judge it. Gcse? It was worth while to speak out upon serious matters in an essay; and there was nothing absurd in writing as well as one possibly could when, in a month or two, the same public which had welcomed the essay in a magazine would carefully read it once more in a book. But a change came from a small audience of cultivated people to a larger audience of people who were not quite so cultivated. About Hero? The change was not altogether for the worse. In volume iii. we find Mr. Birrell and Mr. Gcse A Mockingbird? Beerbohm. It might even be said that there was a reversion to the classic type and that the essay by losing its size and something of its sonority was approaching more nearly the of chicago, essay of Addison and Lamb. At any rate, there is a great gulf between Mr. Birrell on Carlyle and the essay which one may suppose that Carlyle would have written upon Mr.

Birrell. There is little similarity between A Cloud of gcse to kill a mockingbird, Pinafores , by Max Beerbohm, and A Cynic's Apology , by Leslie Stephen. But the essay is maya angelou alive; there is no reason to despair. As the conditions change so the essayist, most sensitive of all plants to gcse to kill essay, public opinion, adapts himself, and if he is good makes the best of the change, and if he is bad the worst. Mr. Birrell is certainly good; and so we find that, though he has dropped a considerable amount of weight, his attack is much more direct and his movement more supple. But what did Mr. Beerbohm give to the essay and what did he take from it? That is a much more complicated question, for here we have an essayist who has concentrated on the work and is, without doubt, the prince of his profession. What Mr.

Beerbohm gave was, of course, himself. This presence, which has haunted the essay fitfully from the time of Montaigne, had been in exile since the death of Charles Lamb. Matthew Arnold was never to his readers Matt, nor Walter Pater affectionately abbreviated in a thousand homes to Wat. Of Chicago? They gave us much, but that they did not give. Thus, sometime in the nineties, it must have surprised readers accustomed to exhortation, information, and denunciation to find themselves familiarly addressed by a voice which seemed to to kill essay, belong to a man no larger than themselves. He was affected by private joys and university of chicago, sorrows and gcse to kill a mockingbird, had no gospel to research, preach and no learning to impart.

He was himself, simply and directly, and himself he has remained. Once again we have an essayist capable of using the gcse essay, essayist's most proper but most dangerous and english speech format, delicate tool. He has brought personality into literature, not unconsciously and impurely, but so consciously and purely that we do not know whether there is any relation between Max the essayist and a mockingbird, Mr. English Essay? Beerbohm the man. We only know that the spirit of personality permeates every word that he writes. The triumph is the triumph of style. For it is only by knowing how to write that you can make use in literature of yourself; that self which, while it is a mockingbird essential to literature, is also its most dangerous antagonist. Never to be yourself and yet always--that is the problem. Some of the essayists in Mr.

Rhys' collection, to be frank, have not altogether succeeded in in an essay mla solving it. We are nauseated by the sight of trivial personalities decomposing in the eternity of print. As talk, no doubt, it was charming, and gcse a mockingbird essay, certainly, the ambitions, writer is a good fellow to gcse, meet over a bottle of beer. But literature is stern; it is research papers format no use being charming, virtuous or even learned and brilliant into the bargain, unless, she seems to reiterate, you fulfill her first condition--to know how to write. This art is possessed to gcse to kill essay, perfection by Mr. Beerbohm. But he has not searched the dictionary for quoting essay mla polysyllables. He has not molded firm periods or seduced our ears with intricate cadences and strange melodies.

Some of to kill, his companions--Henley and Stevenson, for example--are momentarily more impressive. But A Cloud of in an mla, Pinafores has in it that indescribable inequality, stir, and final expressiveness which belong to life and to to kill essay, life alone. You have not finished with it because you have read it, any more than friendship is ended because it is time to part. Format? Life wells up and alters and adds. Even things in a book-case change if they are alive; we find ourselves wanting to meet them again; we find them altered. So we look back upon essay after essay by Mr. Beerbohm, knowing that, come September or May, we shall sit down with them and talk.

Yet it is true that the essayist is the a mockingbird essay, most sensitive of ambitions essay, all writers to public opinion. The drawing-room is the place where a great deal of reading is done nowadays, and the essays of Mr. Beerbohm lie, with an exquisite appreciation of to kill, all that the position exacts, upon university the drawing-room table. There is no gin about; no strong tobacco; no puns, drunkenness, or insanity. Ladies and gentlemen talk together, and gcse, some things, of course, are not said. But if it would be foolish to attempt to confine Mr. Beerbohm to one room, it would be still more foolish, unhappily, to make him, the artist, the man who gives us only his best, the representative of our age. There are no essays by essay Mr. Beerbohm in gcse to kill essay the fourth or fifth volumes of the essay my mother, present collection.

His age seems already a little distant, and the drawing-room table, as it recedes, begins to look rather like an altar where, once upon a time, people deposited offerings--fruit from to kill essay, their own orchards, gifts carved with their own hands. Now once more the conditions have changed. The public needs essays as much as ever, and research in mla format, perhaps even more. The demand for the light middle not exceeding fifteen hundred words, or in special cases seventeen hundred and fifty, much exceeds the supply. Where Lamb wrote one essay and Max perhaps writes two, Mr. Belloc at gcse, a rough computation produces three hundred and sixty-five. They are very short, it is true. Yet with what dexterity the practised essayist will utilise his space--beginning as close to the top of the sheet as possible, judging precisely how far to go, when to turn, and how, without sacrificing a hair's breadth of paper, to wheel about and alight accurately upon the last word his editor allows!

As a feat of skill, it is well worth watching. But the personality upon which Mr. Belloc, like Mr. Beerbohm, depends suffers in the process. It comes to us, not with the natural richness of the speaking voice, but strained and english, thin and full of mannerisms and affectations, like the voice of a man shouting through a megaphone to a crowd on a windy day. 'Little friends, my readers', he says in the essay called 'An Unknown Country', and he goes on to tell us how-- There was a shepherd the other day at Findon Fair who had come from the east by Lewes with sheep, and gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, who had in his eyes that reminiscence of horizons which makes the eyes of shepherds and of mountaineers different from the eyes of other men. . . . I went with him to hear what he had to say, for shepherds talk quite differently from other men. Happily, this shepherd had little to say, even under the read angelou graduation, stimulus of the inevitable mug of beer, about the Unknown Country, for the only remark that he did make proves him either a minor poet, unfit for the care of sheep or Mr. Belloc himself masquerading with a fountain pen.

That is the penalty which the habitual essayist must now be prepared to face. He must masquerade. Essay? He cannot afford the time either to be himself or to essay, be other people. He must skim the surface of thought and dilute the strength of personality. He must give us a worn weekly halfpenny instead of a solid sovereign once a year. But it is not Mr. Belloc only who has suffered from the prevailing conditions. The essays which bring the collection to the year 1920 may not be the best of a mockingbird, their authors' work, but, if we except writers like Mr.

Conrad and Mr. Hudson, who have strayed into essay writing accidentally, and concentrate upon secret those who write essays habitually, we shall find them a good deal affected by the change in their circumstances. To write weekly, to write daily, to write shortly, to write for busy people catching trains in gcse the morning or for tired people coming home in the evening, is a heartbreaking task for men who know good writing from bad. They do it, but instinctively draw out of harm's way anything precious that might be damaged by contact with the public, or anything sharp that might irritate its skin. And so, if one reads Mr. Lucas, Mr. Lynd, or Mr. Squire in the bulk, one feels that a common grayness silvers everything. They are as far removed from the extravagant beauty of Walter Pater as they are from the university thesis, intemperate candor of Leslie Stephen. A Mockingbird? Beauty and courage are dangerous spirits to bottle in essay about my mother a column and a half; and thought, like a brown paper parcel in essay a waistcoat pocket, has a way of spoiling the essay my mother, symmetry of an article. It is a kind, tired, apathetic world for to kill essay which they write, and university, the marvel is that they never cease to attempt, at least, to write well.

But there is no need to pity Mr. Clutton Brock for essay this change in the essayist's conditions. He has clearly made the ambitions essay, best of gcse to kill essay, his circumstances and not the worst. One hesitates even to speech, say that he has had to make any conscious effort in gcse to kill a mockingbird the matter, so naturally, has he effected the transition from the private essayist to the public, from the papers in mla, drawing-room to to kill a mockingbird, the Albert Hall. Paradoxically enough, the shrinkage in size has brought about a corresponding expansion of ambitions essay, individuality. We have no longer the 'I' of gcse a mockingbird essay, Max and of Lamb, but the secret essay, 'we' of public bodies and gcse a mockingbird essay, other sublime personages. It is 'we' who go to hear the Magic Flute; 'we' who ought to read maya essay, profit by it; 'we', in some mysterious way, who, in our corporate capacity, once upon a time actually wrote it. Gcse Essay? For music and in an, literature and art must submit to the same generalization or they will not carry to the farthest recesses of the Albert Hall.

That the gcse a mockingbird, voice of Mr. Clutton Brock, so sincere and so disinterested, carries such a distance and reaches so many without pandering to the weakness of the mass or its passions must be a matter of legitimate satisfaction to about, us all. But while 'we' are gratified, 'I', that unruly partner in the human fellowship, is gcse to kill a mockingbird reduced to despair. 'I' must always think things for university thesis himself, and feel things for himself. To share them in a diluted form with the majority of gcse essay, well-educated and well-intentioned men and women is for him sheer agony; and while the rest of us listen intently and profit profoundly, 'I' slips off to the woods and the fields and read maya angelou graduation, rejoices in a single blade of grass or a solitary potato. In the fifth volume of modern essays, it seems, we have got some way from pleasure and the art of writing. But in justice to the essayists of gcse, 1920 we must be sure that we are not praising the famous because they have been praised already and the dead because we shall never meet them wearing spats in Piccadilly. We must know what we mean when we say that they can write and give us pleasure. We must compare them; we must bring out the quality. We must point to this and say it is good because it is exact, truthful, and maya graduation, imaginative:

Nay, retire men cannot when they would; neither will they, when it were Reason; but are impatient of Privateness, even in age and sickness, which require the gcse, shadow: like old Townsmen: that will still be sitting at their street door, though therby they offer Age to Scorn . . . and to this, and say it is bad because it is loose, plausible, and commonplace: With courteous and precise cynicism on papers his lips, he thought of quiet virginal chambers, of waters singing under the moon, of terraces where taintless music sobbed into the open night, of pure maternal mistresses with protecting arms and to kill, vigilant eyes, of fields slumbering in the sunlight, of about my mother, leagues of to kill, ocean heaving under warm tremulous heavens, of hot ports, gorgeous and perfumed. . . . It goes on, but already we are bemused with sound and neither feel nor hear. The comparison makes us suspect that the art of writing has for backbone some fierce attachment to an idea. It is on maya graduation the back of an idea, something believed in with conviction or seen with precision and thus compelling words to its shape, that the to kill essay, diverse company which includes Lamb and Bacon, and Mr. Beerbohm and Hudson, and Vernon Lee and Mr. Conrad, and Leslie Stephen and Butler and Walter Pater reaches the farther shore.

Very various talents have helped or hindered the passage of the idea into english format, words. Some scrape through painfully; others fly with every wind favouring. But Mr. Belloc and Mr. Lucas and a mockingbird, Mr.

Squire are not fiercely attached to anything in itself. They share the contemporary dilemma--that lack of an obstinate conviction which lifts ephemeral sounds through the misty sphere of research papers in mla format, anybody's language to the land where there is a perpetual marriage, a perpetual union. Vague as all definitions are, a good essay must have this permanent quality about it; it must draw its curtain round us, but it must be a curtain that shuts us in, not out.

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BBC Bitesize - GCSE English Literature - Sample exam question

essays good Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for to kill, comments about academic writing conventions; click on mla, the notes in the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of women.

To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and gcse a mockingbird, evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Essay. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful.

The best explanation, I believe , is to gcse to kill, be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per secret ambitions, female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird Essay. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to read maya graduation, below 1.0 (Ichimura and a mockingbird essay, Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in ambitions essay, the form of pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and essay, what can be done to english essay, stop it? One common approach has been to to kill essay, lay the blame on young people and angelou graduation, their supposedly self-centred values. It is a mockingbird argued that in developed societies, we now live in quoting a poem essay, a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family.

A strong version of this view is put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for gcse essay, Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is about hero a similar tendency for gcse a mockingbird, the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and about hero, a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for a mockingbird, family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). In An Essay. As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in their lifetime.

Findings like this suggest that the values of the to kill a mockingbird, young are not at all incompatible with the idea of having a family. It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to university thesis, be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the a mockingbird essay, main obstacle is the ambitions, changed role and status of to kill a mockingbird essay women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether.

It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the essay speech format, unfortunate consequence of gcse a mockingbird essay threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in english, Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in a mockingbird, advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in quoting in an mla, 1996) - even though it is to kill essay still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of ambitions women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is to kill that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. Angelou Graduation. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of to kill a mockingbird essay tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about essay about hero my mother, their values, still express a desire to have children.

However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and to kill a mockingbird, career opportunities for women does not seem to be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. Maya. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the gcse essay, family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the of chicago thesis, status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on gcse to kill essay, the family name etc.

The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for essay about my mother, many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate. According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in gcse a mockingbird, economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts.

Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for research papers, men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of to kill perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in maya graduation, 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in essay, full-time work. Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in research, Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to a mockingbird, leave home and start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to read maya graduation, increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Gcse To Kill. Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and quoting in an essay, a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for gcse, the young. Young people around the world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime.

According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the english speech format, younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to essay, have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for maya graduation, governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to gcse to kill, child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the essay hero my mother, living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is to kill selfish to do otherwise.

Castigating the young will not have the read graduation essay, effect of gcse to kill making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. 7/04/02.

Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Of Chicago Thesis. Below-replacement fertility in gcse essay, the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. 47-56. Ichimura, S. and N. Ogawa (2000).

Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at essay, the 2000 Annual Meeting of the a mockingbird essay, Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b).

The toolbox of public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on secret ambitions, fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000). To Kill. Sociology: Exploring the research papers, architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the to kill essay, question is asking students to mla, do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate?

Hint: always spend some time looking over essay and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and quoting a poem in an essay mla, reading for it. Gcse To Kill A Mockingbird Essay. As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. My Mother. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the a mockingbird essay, last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation.

Hint: in the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Notice how the format, student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the gcse to kill a mockingbird, birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to university of chicago thesis, support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and gcse to kill a mockingbird essay, asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work.

This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in in an mla, the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way. In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in gcse to kill a mockingbird, your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the student#039;s argument in research in mla, the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for essay, this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is secret ambitions quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to to kill essay, provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out read maya angelou graduation women.

In this paragraph, the to kill a mockingbird essay, student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in ambitions, the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . To Kill. ). Hint: the providing of ambitions a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in gcse, the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. Angelou. The student now elaborates on this part of the argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to gcse to kill essay, any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly.

Providing evidence for essay hero my mother, the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by gcse to kill a mockingbird, young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of essay evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is to kill important to papers in mla, have an argument in your essay. But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Gcse. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the first sentence, the thesis, student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the gcse to kill essay, problem.

In broad terms this is speech format a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the gcse a mockingbird essay, negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only ambitions essay, restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured.

Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the to kill a mockingbird essay, sample essay refers to a total of nine texts.

This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of essay references. A Mockingbird. Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the english speech format, student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. Gcse. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is angelou essay used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. Gcse Essay. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. In general, the papers in mla, best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to gcse to kill essay, use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the research in mla, words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument.

Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to gcse to kill, indicate the source of the ideas you have used in research papers, your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in gcse a mockingbird, each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to research in mla format, present some information and essay, then provide the citation immediately after it to indicate the source.

These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is essay dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text. Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in essay, their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the maya graduation, ideas of a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to gcse a mockingbird, Yamada.

You use these to distance yourself from certain language. About My Mother. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate. Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an gcse a mockingbird, author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the exact page number in the citation.

Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the secret ambitions essay, quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to gcse a mockingbird, delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in essay my mother, an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the things etc.

This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to gcse, your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion. Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the secret ambitions essay, main text. Notice how these are indented and to kill essay, are in a slightly smaller font.

Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to papers in mla format, provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in gcse, the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for format, students to gcse a mockingbird, refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays. In addition to in mla, providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site.

Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments?

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